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Nyanländas munhygienvanor och kunskap om orala sjukdomar
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare.
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Self-reported oral hygiene habits and knowledge about common oral diseases in a population of newly arrived immigrants (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Individer med utländsk bakgrund tenderar ha sämre oral hälsa än svenskfödda individer.

Detta kan bland annat bero på socioekonomiska faktorer såsom utbildningsnivå och kön.

Invandringen till Sverige ökar och därför är det viktigt att studera nyanländas munhygienvanor samt

kunskap om orala sjukdomar som karies, gingivit och parodontit för att kunna bemöta dessa individer

utifrån deras behov. Syfte: Syftet med studien var att studera munhygienvanor samt kunskap gällande

orala sjukdomar hos vuxna nyanlända med utländsk bakgrund. Metod: Studien är en kvantitativ

tvärsnittsstudie med enkätundersökning som datainsamlingsmetod på SFI-skolor i Jönköpings

kommun. Totalt 99 individer deltog i studien. Chi-två tester gjordes för jämförelse mellan grupper

indelade efter utbildningsnivå. Resultat: Totalt 88,9% respektive 81,8% svarade att bakterier är en

bakomliggande orsak till karies och parodontit. En statistisk signifikant skillnad visades vid jämförelse

mellan högre och lägre utbildningsnivå avseende rökning som orsak till gingivit. Majoriteten av

deltagarna borstade tänderna 2ggr/dagligen med fluortandkräm och 14,1% använde sig av

approximalahjälpmedel 1gg/dag. Slutsats: Studiens resultat visade att deltagarna hade kunskap om

orsaksfaktorer avseende karies och parodontit men bristande kunskap avseende gingivit. Deltagarna

hade även goda tandborstningsvanor men bristande användning av approximalahjälpmedel och

fluorpreparat.

Abstract [en]

Background: Individuals with foreign backgrounds tend to have poorer oral health than Swedishborn.

This may be depending on socioeconomic factors such as education and gender. Immigration to

Sweden is increasing, and therefore it is important to study oral hygiene habits and knowledge of oral

diseases among newly arrived immigrants. Aim: The aim was to explore oral hygiene habits and

knowledge about oral diseases of newly arrived immigrants. Method: A quantitative cross-sectional

with questionnaire survey at Swedish For Immigrants’ schools in Jönköping. A total of 99 people

participated in the study. Chi-two tests were made for comparison between groups by education level.

Results: Totally 88.9% and 81.8% replied that bacteria are an underlying cause of caries and

periodontitis. A statistically significant difference was shown between higher and lower levels of

education regarding smoking as a cause of gingivitis. The majority of participants brushed their teeth

2/daily with fluoride toothpaste and 14.1% were using auxiliary aids 1/day. Conclusion: The results

of the study showed that participants had knowledge about causal factors regarding caries and

periodontitis, but lack of knowledge about gingivitis. The participants also had good tooth brushing

habits but lacked usage of use of interproximal aids and fluoridated agents.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , 28 p.
Keyword [en]
Dental caries, gingivitis, migration, oral aids, periodontitis
Keyword [sv]
Gingivit, karies, migration, orala hjälpmedel, parodontit
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-36121ISRN: JU-HHJ-OHA-1-20170028OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-36121DiVA: diva2:1110067
Subject / course
HHJ, Oral Health Science
Presentation
2017-06-07, Ga932, Hälsohögskolan i Jönköping University, Jönköping, 09:45 (Swedish)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-06-16 Created: 2017-06-15 Last updated: 2017-06-16Bibliographically approved

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