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Ungdomsbrottslighet: Risk och skydd i familjerelationer
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Juvenile Delinquency : Risk and Protective Factors in Family Relations (Swedish)
Abstract [sv]

I denna studie har vi undersökt risk- och skyddsfaktorer i föräldra-barnrelationer och syskonrelationer, och deras eventuella påverkan på ungdomars brottslighet. Vidare skulle utredas om dessa relationer och brottslighet påverkas av ungdomars kön, upplevelsen av området de bor i, eller om ungdomen haft tidigare kontakt med socialtjänsten till följd av sitt eget beteende. Studien genomfördes på ett urval om 1 324 pojkar och flickor, i åldrarna 13 till 17 år (genomsnittsålder = 14,3 år), som en del i LoRDIA-projektet. En hög nivå på föräldrars kunskap om deras barns aktiviteter uppvisade en skyddande effekt mot ungdomars brottsliga beteende. Denna skyddseffekt är särskilt viktig för den grupp ungdomar, som tidigare varit i kontakt med socialtjänsten. Ungdomars frivilliga delande av information med sina föräldrar, uppvisade också en skyddande påverkan. Syskonrelationer uppvisade få och svaga effekter på ungdomsbrottslighet. Dessa effekter försvann också, i jämförelser som inkluderade föräldrars tillgång till information. Resultaten visade också att det finns tydliga könsskillnader i ungdomars brottsmönster. Förutom att pojkar begår fler brott än flickor, fann studien också att det finns skillnader i hur föräldrar hanterar sina barns brottsliga beteende, beroende på ungdomens kön. För de risk- och skyddsfaktorer som utforskas i denna studie, gäller generellt att dessa inte påverkas av ungdomens upplevelse av sitt bostadsområde.

Abstract [en]

In this study, we have investigated risk and protective factors in parent-child relations and sibling relations, and their effects on juvenile delinquency. Furthermore, we wanted to research whether these relationships, and delinquent behavior, were affected by the gender of the youths, their experience of their neighborhood, or if the youths had previously been in contact with the social services on account of their own behavior. The study was conducted on a sample of 1 324 Swedish boys and girls, between the ages of 13 and 17 (M age = 14.3), as a part of the LoRDIA project. A high level of parental knowledge about the activities of their children, showed a protective effect against a youth’s delinquent behavior. The protective effect of parents’ access to information, is especially important for the group that had previously been in contact with the social services. A youth’s voluntary disclosure about his or her activities also showed a protective effect against delinquency. Sibling relationships showed a few, weak, effects on youths’ delinquent behavior. These, however, disappeared when compared to parents’ access to information. Further results showed apparent gender differences in delinquent behavior patterns among youths. Not only do boys commit more crimes than girls, but there are also differences in how parents handle their child’s delinquent behavior, depending on the child’s gender. In general, the risk and protective factors researched in this study, don’t seem to be affected by the youth’s experience of his or her neighborhood.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , 53 p.
Keyword [en]
juvenile delinquency, risk factors, protective factors, parental knowledge, sibling relations, gender
Keyword [sv]
ungdomsbrottslighet, riskfaktorer, skyddsfaktorer, föräldrars kunskap, syskonrelationer, kön
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-36042ISRN: JU-HHJ-SAA-1-20170074OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-36042DiVA: diva2:1109861
Subject / course
HHJ, Social Work
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-06-29 Created: 2017-06-14 Last updated: 2017-06-29Bibliographically approved

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Ungdomsbrottslighet 2017(712 kB)112 downloads
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
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  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
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