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Human Pressure on the Environment: A study on the effect of population, affluence and technology on the Ecological Footprint
Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
2017 (English)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Human Impact on the environment is an important subject. The purpose of this study is to examine what impact population, affluence and technology have on the environment. Environmental impact is measured by the Ecological Footprint, a measure of human pressure on nature. The study is primarily based on the IPAT (Impact, Population, Affluence & technology) and STRIPAT (Stochastic Impacts by Regression on Population, Affluence, and Technology) frameworks and a fixed effects regression with control variables for urban population and income groups. The findings show that population and affluence have a positive effect on the Ecological Footprint whereas the effect of technology is ambiguous. These findings can be used to bring clarity into the effect human activity has on the environment and raise awareness of the importance of the subject. We propose further research to be done in the sustainability of the size of the Ecological Footprint, the effect of monetary inequality and more in depth analysis of the different income groups. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , 35 p.
Keyword [en]
Ecological Footprint, Population, Affluence, Technology, IPAT, STIRPAT
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-35970ISRN: JU-IHH-NAA-1-20170091OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-35970DiVA: diva2:1107856
Subject / course
IHH, Economics
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-06-22 Created: 2017-06-11 Last updated: 2017-06-22Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
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  • nn-NB
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  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
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