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Kulturell kompetens hos skolsköterskor: En intervjustudie
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Cultural competence among school nurses : An interview study (English)
Abstract [en]

Background: The migration to Sweden has increased the resent years, many school nurses find themselves meeting children and parents of different cultural backgrounds. In order to meet and give individualised care to children and parents with foreign backgrounds, the school nurses need to develop their cultural competence.Purpose: To explore how school nurses describe their cultural competence when meeting children and parents with foreign backgrounds.Method: A qualitative design with a deductive approach based on Campinha-Bacotes (2002) cultural competence model. 15 school nurses were interviewed. The interviews were semi-structured and an interview guide was used.Result: The school nurses expressed a desire to develop their cultural competence, and that their training had not focussed enough on this aspect. The school nurses are aware of their prejudices and that cultural differences can impact the meetings they have with patients, however they aim to treat children and parents the same regardless of cultural differences. Communicating with children and parents whose first language is not Swedish is experienced as a challenge, and they described using different strategies to bridge linguistic barriers.Conclusion: The school nurses have some cultural competence, however it needs to be developed further in order to provide culturally appropriate care.

Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Migrationen till Sverige har ökat senaste åren vilket medför att skolsköterskor ofta möter barn och föräldrar med annan kulturell bakgrund. För att kunna bemöta och ge individuellt anpassad omvårdnad till barn och föräldrar med utländsk bakgrund måste skolsköterskorna utveckla sin kulturella kompetens.Syfte: Att utforska hur skolsköterskor beskriver sin kulturella kompetens i mötet med barn och föräldrar med utländsk bakgrund.Metod: Kvalitativ design med deduktiv ansats utifrån Campinha-Bacotes (2002) modell om kulturell kompetens. 15 skolsköterskor intervjuades. Intervjuerna var semistrukturerade och utgick från en intervjuguide.Resultat: Skolsköterskorna beskriver en önskan om att utveckla sin kulturella kompetens. De anser att de har fått otillräcklig utbildning inom området. Skolsköterskorna är medvetna om sina fördomar och att kulturella skillnader påverkar mötet, de strävar dock efter att bemöta barn och föräldrar lika oavsett kulturell bakgrund. Att kommunicera med barn och föräldrar med annat modersmål än svenska upplevs som en utmaning. De har olika strategier för att överbrygga de språkliga barriärerna som kan uppstå.Slutsats: Skolsköterskorna har viss kulturell kompetens som behöver utvecklas ytterligare för att kunna erbjuda en kulturellt anpassad omvårdnad.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017.
Series
JTH Dissertation Series
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-35934ISRN: JU-HHJ-OMA-2-20170230OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-35934DiVA: diva2:1107102
Subject / course
HHJ, Nursing Science
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-06-19 Created: 2017-06-08 Last updated: 2017-06-19Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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  • apa
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