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Personer med Parkinsons sjukdom och deras skattning av sin hälsorelaterade livskvalitet: En litteraturöversikt
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
People with Parkinson´s disease and their assessment of their health-related quality of life : A litterature review (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Parkinsons sjukdom [eng. Parkinson´s Disease - PD] är en neurologisk och progressiv sjukdom, med motoriska och icke motoriska symtom. Forskning visar att personer med PD ofta är oroliga för hur sjukdomen kommer att påverka deras hälsorelaterade livskvalitet [eng. Health Related Quality of Life - HRQoL], och de tenderar att skatta sin HRQoL sämre än övrig befolkning. HRQoL beskrivs som innebörden av hur hälsan påverkar livskvaliteten [eng. Quality of Life - QoL] och är viktig att ta hänsyn till i omvårdnadsarbetet.

Syfte: Att beskriva personer med Parkinsons sjukdom och deras skattning av sin hälsorelaterade livskvalitet.

Metod: En litteraturöversikt bestående av tolv vetenskapliga artiklar med kvantitativ design och deduktiv ansats analyserades enligt Fribergs trestegsmodell. Artiklar där HRQoL mäts med PDQ-39SI inkluderades.

Resultat: Flera olika faktorer var negativt relaterade med HRQoL såsom längre sjukdomstid, tidig sjukdomsdebut och hög grad av symtom. Vissa behandlingar hade en positiv effekt på HRQoL såsom behandling med infusion av levodopa, följsamhetsterapi av läkemedelsbehandling, fysisk aktivitet och djup hjärnstimulering.

Slutsats: Denna litteraturöversikt har bidragit med kunskap om hur olika faktorer påverkar HRQoL vid PD. Kunskapen kan hjälpa sjuksköterskor att bemöta denna patientgrupp, då flera faktorer har en negativ påverkan på HRQoL.

Abstract [en]

Main title: People with Parkinson's disease and their assessment of their health-related quality of life. 

Subtitle: A literature review 

Background: PD is a neurological and progressive disease, with motor and non-motor symptoms. Research shows that people with PD are often worried about how the disease will affect their QoL and they tend to estimate their HRQoL poorer than other parts of the population. The HRQoL is described as the meaning of how health affects the QoL and is important to take into account in nursing work. 

Aim: To describe people with Parkinson's disease and their assessment of their health-related quality of life. 

Method: A literature review consisting twelve scientific articles with quantitative approaches was analyzed according to Friberg's three-dimensional model. Articles where the HRQoL is measured with PDQ-39SI was included. 

Results: Several different factors were negatively related to the HRQoL such as longer illness, an early disease outcome and a high degree of symptoms. Some treatments had a positive effect on the HRQoL such as treatment with levodopa infusion, drug therapy compliance, physical activity and deep brain stimulation. 

Conclusion: This literature review has contributed with knowledge of how different factors affect the HRQoL in PD. Knowledge can help nurses to respond to this patient group, as several factors have a negative impact on the HRQoL.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , p. 26
Keywords [en]
Health Related Quality of Life, PDQ-39, Quantitative, Symptoms, Treatment
Keywords [sv]
Behandling, Hälsorelaterad livskvalitet, Kvantitativ, PDQ-39, Symtom
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-35755ISRN: JU-HHJ-OMA-1-20170201OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-35755DiVA, id: diva2:1105257
Subject / course
HHJ, Nursing Science
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-06-08 Created: 2017-06-02 Last updated: 2017-06-08Bibliographically approved

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