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Kvinnors upplevelse av att drabbas av bröstcancer: En litteraturöversikt
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Women's experience of having breast cancer : A literature review (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Bröstcancer är den vanligaste cancerformen bland kvinnor i västvärlden. Trots att behandlingsmetoderna har blivit bättre och dödsantalet minskat skapar det fortfarande omvårdnadsproblem inom sjukvården. En orsak kan vara att kvinnorna som drabbas måste gå igenom svåra behandlingar som ofta påverkar dem både fysiskt och psykiskt.           

Syfte: Att beskriva kvinnors upplevelse av att drabbas av bröstcancer.

Metod: En litteraturöversikt baserad på kvalitativa artiklar, som analyserades med en induktiv ansats.

Resultat: Fyra kategorier framkom vid analysen: Att få en diagnos, Att få konsekvenser av behandlingen, Att få konsekvenser i vardagen samt Att ha tankar om framtiden. Att få en bröstcancerdiagnos upplevde kvinnorna som omtumlande. Flera av kvinnorna upplevde att bröstcancerprocessen gett dem en ny identitet, både kroppsligt och mentalt. Efter behandlingens slut fanns det fortfarande en rädsla hos en del av kvinnorna att cancern skulle komma tillbaka vilket påverkade deras syn på framtiden.

Slutsats: Att drabbas av bröstcancer påverkade kvinnorna på olika sätt. Vissa såg positivt på upplevelsen när behandlingarna var över medan andra bara fokuserade på vad de hade förlorat. Eftersom kvinnornas upplevelse varierade är det viktigt att vårdpersonalen anpassar vården efter den enskildes behov och önskningar samt ger tydlig information för att skapa trygghet och lugn.

Abstract [en]

Background: Breast cancer is the most common form of cancer among women in the western world. Although treatment is improving and the mortality rate drops, problems still exist within health care. This may be because the women undergo difficult treatments which affect them physically and mentally.

Purpose: To describe women’s experience of suffering from breast cancer.

Method: A literature review based on qualitative articles, analyzed with an inductive approach.

Results: The analysis resulted in four categories: Receiving a diagnosis, Experiencing consequences from treatment, Experiencing consequences in everyday life and Having thoughts about the future. The women experienced the breast cancer diagnosis as overwhelming. Several of the women experienced that the breast cancer process gave them a new identity, both physically and mentally. After completed treatment some women still feared cancer would return which affected their view of their future.

Conclusion: Suffering from breast cancer affected women differently. Some women looked positively at the experience after the treatments was completed while others just focused on what they had lost. Because the women's experience varied, it’s important that healthcare staff adjust their care according to the individual's needs and desires, and provides the patients with clear information to create peace and security.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , 18 p.
Keyword [en]
Cancer diagnosis, consequences, needs, qualitative, support
Keyword [sv]
Behov, cancerdiagnos, konsekvenser, kvalitativ, stöd
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-35733ISRN: JU-HHJ-OMA-1-20170185OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-35733DiVA: diva2:1104896
Subject / course
HHJ, Nursing Science
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-06-05 Created: 2017-06-02 Last updated: 2017-06-05Bibliographically approved

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