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Preoperativa informationsstrategiers effekter postoperativt: En litteraturöversikt
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Olika typer av kirurgiska ingrepp för ofta med sig negativa upplevelser för patienten, så som oro och depression. Dessa effekter kan även leda till postoperativa komplikationer så som smärta och hjärtklappning. Någonting som, i ett flertal studier, visat sig kunna reducera dessa negativa effekter är preoperativ information.  Det råder dock oenighet om vilken typ av information som ger bäst effekt. Syfte: Syftet med studien var att belysa preoperativa informationsstrategiers postoperativa effekter. Metod: Litteraturöversikten består av nio artiklar med kvantitativ ansats, där resultatet av dessa olika interventionsstudier gällande pre-operativ information jämfördes. Resultat: Fem av de sex artiklar som mäter vilken effekt interventionen har på ångest/oro visar en statistiskt signifikant skillnad mellan interventionsgrupp och kontrollgrupp. Statistiska skillnader syns även mellan interventionsgrupp och kontrollgrupp när det gäller smärta, depression och illamående. Slutsats: Både muntliga och skriftliga informationsinterventioner ger positiv effekt på patienter som ska genomgå operation. Postoperativa informationsrutiner i standardomvårdnaden bör därför vara av god kvalitet.

Abstract [en]

Background: Different types of surgical procedures are often accompanied with adverse effects for the patient, such as anxiety and depression. These effects can lead to postoperative complications such as pain and palpitations. Something that, in numerous studies, been shown to reduce these negative effects are preoperative information. However, there is a disagreement about the type of information that gives the best effect. Objective: The aim of this study was to illustrate the preoperative information-strategies postoperative effects. Method: The literature review consist a total of nine articles with a quantitative approach. The results of these various intervention studies of preoperative information were compared. Result: Five out of six articles that measure the effect on intervention such as anxiety show a statistical significant difference between the intervention group and the control group. Statistical differences can also be seen between the intervention groups and control groups in terms of pain, depression and nausea.etc. Conclusion: Both oral and written information interventions provide positive effects on patients who are to undergo surgery. Hence, information procedures before surgery should be of good quality.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , 33 p.
Keyword [en]
Information intervention, communication, effects, operation
Keyword [sv]
Informationsintervention, kommunikation, effekter, operation
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-35203ISRN: JU-HHJ-OMA-1-20170174OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-35203DiVA: diva2:1082127
Subject / course
HHJ, Nursing Science
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-03-22 Created: 2017-03-15 Last updated: 2017-03-22Bibliographically approved

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  • apa
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More styles
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  • de-DE
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  • en-US
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  • nn-NO
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Output format
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