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Atlet eller kvinna?: En kritisk diskursanalys om kvinnliga atleters framställning i en av Sveriges största nyhetstidningar
Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
“A woman or an athlete?” : A critical discourse analysis on the representation of female athletes in one of Sweden’s biggest newspaper (English)
Abstract [sv]

Denna studie fokuserar på mediers framställning av män och kvinnor i sportjournalistiken. Utifrån ett genusperspektiv analyserar vi Aftonbladets nyhetskrönikor av de Olympiska Spelen sommaren 2016. Studiens syfte är att undersöka hur kvinnliga atleter framställs gentemot manliga atleter inom sportjournalistiken. Vi undersöker även om det råder en hegemonisk maskulinitet i rapporteringen. I utförandet av studien har vi använt oss av kritisk diskursanalys (CDA) som både metod och teori. Som komplement till CDA som teori, utgår vår analys från genusteori, hegemonisk maskulinitet och stereotyper.

Studien grundar sig i fem olika analysverktyg hämtade ur Carvalhos (2008) steg-för-steg modell för kritisk diskursanalys. Modellen gör det möjligt för en kritisk analys av textens innehåll samt skildringar av manliga och kvinnliga atleter. Resultaten visar att det i jämförelse med tidigare studier råder en ändring i diskursen. De kvinnliga atleterna i studien skildras inte av negativa stereotyper. Fokus ligger inte på kvinnornas sociala roll, utan de beskrivs istället utifrån sina bedrifter som atleter. Det råder en jämställd skildring av kvinnliga och manliga atleter utifrån ett genusperspektiv och den hegemoniska maskuliniteten stöds inte i vår studie. 

Abstract [en]

The focus of this study lies on medias representation of male and female athletes in sports journalism. The research has been conducted on one of Sweden’s biggest newspaper, Aftonbladet. This study has, from a gender perspective, critically analysed Aftonbladets news coverage of the summer Olympic games of 2016. The purpose of this study is to examine how female athletes is portrayed in sports journalism in comparison with male athletes, and to see if a hegemony masculinity shows in the news coverage. To carry this study into effect we chose to use critical discourse analysis as both method and theory. To complement CDA as a theory we also base our analysis in the theory of gender, stereotypes and hegemony masculinity theory.

This study is based on five analytic tools that was recovered from Carvalhos step-by-step model for a critical discourse analysis. This makes it possible for a critical qualitative analysis of the text and the depiction of male and female athletes. The model makes it possible to examine the chronicles use of linguistic, as the content of the text is broken down thoroughly and deeply analysed. In comparison to earlier studies, our results shows that there is a change in the discourse. The female athletes in the study are not described by negative stereotypes. The focus of the female athletes does not lie on them as social actors, instead they are described by their actions as athletes. From a gender perspective the female and male athletes are represented equally. There is no showing of a hegemony masculinity in the news reporting. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 40 p.
Keyword [en]
The Olympic games 2016, critical discourse analysis, gender, female athletes, Aftonbladet, hegemony masculinity, gender equality
Keyword [sv]
Olympiska spelen 2016, kritisk diskursanalys, genus, kvinnliga atleter, Aftonbladet, hegemonisk maskulinitet, jämställdhet
National Category
Media and Communications
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-35072ISRN: JU-HLK-MKA-1-20170093OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-35072DiVA: diva2:1073943
Subject / course
HLK, Media and Communication Studies
Supervisors
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Available from: 2017-02-28 Created: 2017-02-13 Last updated: 2017-02-28Bibliographically approved

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Citation style
  • apa
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  • Other locale
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