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Dammhantering vid väggsågning
Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Product Development.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Dust Management in wall sawing (English)
Abstract [sv]

Vid väggsågning i betong uppkommer det mycket damm. Detta damm tas till viss del upp av det vatten som appliceras för att kyla klingan under sågning, vilket leder till en så kallad slurry. Slurryn samt dammet behöver efter avklarad sågning tas upp vilket resulterar i extra arbetsmoment för brukaren av sågen. Det största problemet här är dock det damm som inandas vilket kan leda till sjukdomar såsom silikos. Dessa sjukdomar kommer i framtiden antagligen leda till nya lagkrav kring hur dammet behöver tas hand om innan brukaren kan andas in det. Syftet med studien har därmed varit att utreda hur damm och slurry kan tas upp vid väggsågning.

Problemet med väggsågning gentemot andra former av bearbetning i betong har varit svårigheten att täta av gentemot ytan som bearbetning sker i. I fallen med borrning är det tillexempel möjligt att sluta av området och skapa undertryck som då suger upp damm och slurry.

För att ge en grund till konceptframtagning utfördes en observation av väggsågning för att skapa förståelse för hur dammet och slurryn beter sig under sågning. Vidare utfördes även en fallstudie för att samla data gällande hur problemet löses idag samt samla punkter från industrin gällande vilka egenskaper lösningen bör ha för att anses som attraktiv i håltagningsindustrin.

Utifrån den insamlade empirin genererades koncept med hjälp av brainstorming samt morfologi. Dessa utvärderades sedan med Husqvarna samt med hjälp av Pughs matris där kriterierna för sållningen togs utifrån fallstudiens resultat. Resultatet här blev en pådragsenhet som fäster i klingskyddets befintliga geometrier och tar upp damm och slurry vid den punkt i klingskyddet där den största delen av damm och slurry koncentreras vid sågning.

Efter sållningen togs en prototyp fram för att kunna verifiera att damm och slurry kunde tas upp samt för att mäta dess effektivitet. Resultatet av prototyptestet var att konceptet kunde ta upp cirka 23% av slurryn samt markant reducera det synliga dammet. Konceptet kunde därmed anses uppfylla studiens syfte, speciellt gällande dammet då dess skadliga effekter på så sätt kan reduceras.

Abstract [en]

Wall sawing in concrete generates a lot of dust. The dust is partly collected by the water that is applied as a coolant for the blade, which leads to a mixture called ”slurry”. The slurry as well as the dust needs to be removed after the sawing has been completed, which adds extra steps to the process for the user of the saw. The biggest issue here is the dust that is inhaled by the user, which can lead to diseases such as silicosis . This will probably lead to new regulations regarding how dust is managed, which has been the background of this thesis. The purpose of this study is therefore to evaluate how dust and slurry can be collected during wall sawing.

The problem in wall sawing compared to other forms of processing of concrete is the difficulty in creating a seal towards the surface where the processing is being executed. It is for instance easier to create a sealed space around the are of processing during drilling where you can create a vacuum to collect the dust and slurry.

An observation was conducted in order to give a basis for how the dust and slurry is acting during sawing. A case study was also executed to gather data regarding how the problem is solved today in the industry as well as to provide intel regarding important attributes that  concepts must have in order to be considered attractive to the industry.

Concepts were generated with the collected data as a base through brainstorming and morphology. The concepts were evaluated together with Husqvarna as well as with pugh’s matrix, where the set of criterias had been collected from the case study. The result was a slide on unit that locks to existing geometries and collects dust and slurry at the point where the biggest concentration is achieved during sawing.

After the evaluation, a prototype was constructed in order to verify that dust and slurry could be collected and to measure the efficiency of the concept. The result of the test was that the prototype could collect approximately 23% of the slurry as well as significantly reduce the amount of visible dust. The concept could thereby fulfil the purpose of the study, especially regarding the decreasion of dust since the harmful effects of inhalation could be reduced.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017.
Keyword [en]
Dust management, wall sawing, concept generation
Keyword [sv]
Dammhantering, väggsågning, konceptframtagning
National Category
Other Mechanical Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-35033ISRN: JU-JTH-MTA-1-20170082OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-35033DiVA: diva2:1072929
External cooperation
Husqvarna Construction Products
Subject / course
JTH, Mechanical Engineering
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-02-16 Created: 2017-02-09 Last updated: 2017-02-16Bibliographically approved

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Citation style
  • apa
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