Segregation and individual employment: A longitudinal study of neighborhood effects
2016 (English)Conference paper, Presentation (Refereed)
In this paper, we test whether individuals who live in more-segregated neighborhoods have a lower propensity to be employed. We apply an individual fixed effects strategy in order to reduce issues of self-selection and individual heterogeneity. This is possible due to access to full population micro-data, which allows us to follow the same group of individuals between 1990 and 2011. The results show that individuals who live in segregated neighborhoods are less likely to be employed, primarily in metropolitan regions. This effect is mainly driven by males with foreign background. However, it is not spatial separation per se that causes the negative effect on employment but rather the distress of segregated neighborhoods. This indicates that these neighborhoods provide fewer opportunities for labor market integration, which is particularly challenging for already disadvantaged individuals. The results thus have a strong bearing on policy concerning both integration and urban planning.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
segregation, employment, neighborhood effects, social interaction
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-34881OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-34881DiVA: diva2:1068355
19th Uddevalla Symposium on "Geography, Open Innovation, Diversity and Entrepreneurship", London, United Kingdom, during 30th June – 2nd July, 2016