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Segregation and individual employment: A longitudinal study of neighborhood effects
Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Entrepreneurship and Spatial Economics (CEnSE).ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5722-2016
Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Entrepreneurship and Spatial Economics (CEnSE).
2016 (English)Conference paper, Presentation (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In this paper, we test whether individuals who live in more-segregated neighborhoods have a lower propensity to be employed. We apply an individual fixed effects strategy in order to reduce issues of self-selection and individual heterogeneity. This is possible due to access to full population micro-data, which allows us to follow the same group of individuals between 1990 and 2011. The results show that individuals who live in segregated neighborhoods are less likely to be employed, primarily in metropolitan regions. This effect is mainly driven by males with foreign background. However, it is not spatial separation per se that causes the negative effect on employment but rather the distress of segregated neighborhoods. This indicates that these neighborhoods provide fewer opportunities for labor market integration, which is particularly challenging for already disadvantaged individuals. The results thus have a strong bearing on policy concerning both integration and urban planning.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016.
Keyword [en]
segregation, employment, neighborhood effects, social interaction
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-34881OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-34881DiVA: diva2:1068355
Conference
19th Uddevalla Symposium on "Geography, Open Innovation, Diversity and Entrepreneurship", London, United Kingdom, during 30th June – 2nd July, 2016
Available from: 2017-01-25 Created: 2017-01-25 Last updated: 2017-01-25Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
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  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
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Output format
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  • asciidoc
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