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Implementation of evidence-based palliative care in acute care hospitals: Obstacles and opportunities as described by politicians, hospital managers and health care professionals
Department of Neurobiology, Neurosciences and Society, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.
Department of Neurobiology, Neurosciences and Society, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.
Institute of Organisation and Worklife Ethics, Ersta University College, Stockholm, Sweden.
Department of Clinical Science, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
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2016 (English)In: Palliative Medicine: A Multiprofessional Journal, ISSN 0269-2163, E-ISSN 1477-030X, Vol. 30, no 6, NP300- p., PO114Article in journal, Meeting abstract (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: In high income countries, such as Sweden, a large proportion of all deaths occur at hospitals which is commonly not consistent with the desire of the patient and next-of-kin. A common way to translate knowledge into clinical practice is to create practice guidelines for different levels of the health care organization. During the last years, national clinical guidelines for palliative care and guidance from the NBHW have been published for the first time in Sweden. Hence, the aim of this study was to identify perceptions of obstacles and opportunities for implementation of evidence-based palliative care in acute care hospitals, as described by local politicians, chief medical officers and health care professionals.

Method: Interviews were conducted with local politicians, chief medical officers and health care professionals and analysed through a directed qualitative content method, guided by The Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research.

Results: Palliative care was commonly mentioned as a comprehensive way for alleviation of patients’ suffering with the overall goal for maintaining quality of life, especially in end of life care. Palliative care at the hospital was described by the staff as characterized by sudden disease, rapid changes back and forth between life and death and difficulties to predict the outcome. The environment, the culture, poor communication and poor cooperation in the work team were described as obstacles for implementation. The informants mentioned the newly published documents as important but the knowledge about the content varied a lot. A newly formed internal group with the assignment to develop the palliative care at the clinic was emphasized by all health care professionals as a good opportunity to get support and local guidelines.

Conclusion: An active process at different levels in the health care organization is important for a successful implementation of evidence-based palliative care in acute care hospitals.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 30, no 6, NP300- p., PO114
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-34741DOI: 0.1177/0269216316646056OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-34741DiVA: diva2:1066072
Conference
9th World Research Congress of the European Association for Palliative Care (EAPC), Dublin, Ireland, 9-11 June 2016
Note

Abstracts of the 9th World Research Congress of the European Association for Palliative Care (EAPC).

Available from: 2017-01-17 Created: 2017-01-17 Last updated: 2017-01-17Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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More styles
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