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Determinants of reverse knowledge transfer for emerging market multinationals: The role of complexity, autonomy and embeddedness
Universidade Federal do ABC, Brazil.
Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.
Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Media Management and Transformation Centre (MMTC).ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7986-5423
Uppsala university, Sweden.
2017 (English)In: Revista de Administração, ISSN 0080-2107Article in journal (Refereed) In press
Abstract [en]

Subsidiaries conduct innovation activities in foreign markets either to capture valuable knowledge that is necessary to adapt their products to local markets or to create valuable knowledge for headquarters. For emerging market multinationals, most studies have overlooked the determinants of successful reverse knowledge transfer from subsidiaries located in emerging and developed markets. This paper analyzed the responses of a survey administered to 78 Brazilian multinationals that own subsidiaries in developed and emerging markets. We found that knowledge complexity developed at the subsidiary, its autonomy and embeddedness in the foreign market determine the successful reverse knowledge transfer to headquarters of emerging market multinationals. This paper contributes to previous studies of reverse knowledge transfer by underlying the main drivers for emerging market multinationals.

Abstract [pt]

Subsidiárias realizam atividades de inovação em mercados estrangeiros, quer para capturar o conhecimento valioso que é necessário para adaptar seus produtos aos mercados locais ou para criar conhecimento de alto valor para a sede. No contexto de multinacionais de mercados emergentes, a maioria dos estudos têm negligenciado os determinantes da transferência de conhecimetno provenientes de subsidiárias (transferência reversa). Foram analisadas as respostas de uma pesquisa realizada com 78 multinacionais brasileiras que possuem subsidiárias em mercados desenvolvidos e emergentes. Verificou-se que a complexidade do conhecimento desenvolvido na subsidiária, bem como a sua autonomia e inserção no mercado externo determinam o fluxo de transferência reversa de conhecimento na empresa multinacional emergente. Este trabalho enriquece estudos anteriores sobre transferência reversa de conhecimento destacando os principais drivers para as multinacionais dos mercados emergentes.

Abstract [es]

Filiales realizan actividades de innovación en los mercados extranjeros, ya sea para capturar el conocimiento valioso que es necesario para adaptar sus productos a los mercados locales, o con el fin de crear conocimiento de alto valor para su sede. Respecto a las multinacionales de mercados emergentes, en la mayor parte de los estudios no se ha dado la debida atención a los factores determinantes de la transferencia de conocimiento a partir de filiales (transferencia inversa). En este estudio se analizan las respuestas de una encuesta realizada a 78 multinacionales brasileñas que poseen filiales en mercados desarrollados y emergentes. Los resultados indican que la complejidad del conocimiento desarrollado en la filial, así como su autonomía e inserción en el mercado externo determinan el flujo de transferencia inversa de conocimiento en la empresa multinacional emergente. Con este trabajo, se colabora al desarrollo de los estudios acerca de la transferencia inversa de conocimiento, con énfasis en los principales drivers para las multinacionales de mercados emergentes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Universidade de Sao Paulo , 2017.
Keyword [en]
Reverse knowledge transfer, Emerging multinationals, Brazilian multinationals
National Category
Business Administration Economic Geography
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-34678DOI: 10.1016/j.rausp.2016.12.007Local ID: IHHMMTCISOAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-34678DiVA: diva2:1064586
Available from: 2017-01-12 Created: 2017-01-12 Last updated: 2017-02-09

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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