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Spatial spill-overs and households involvement in the non-farm sector: Evidence from rural Rwanda
Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5664-3115
2016 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This paper studies the effects of external economies of scale on households’ involvement in the non-farm sector. The focus of the paper is on the type of knowledge spill-overs that occur at the level of individuals; these relate to learning processes and non-market interactions. Nationally representative data on 8,100 households surveyed in 2006 and 2009 are used and unobserved heterogeneity and spatial dependencies are modelled by employing a multi-level model and instruments in the form of clustered cantered means. The findings show that in addition to other household characteristics related to education, asset endowments and credit availability, measures of agglomeration economies are positively associated with smallholders’ degree of involvement in non-farm activities. The results indicate that there exist significant scale efficiencies associated with local markets and that an important part of the capacity to diversify lies outside households, residing instead in their locations.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Jönköping: Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School , 2016.
Series
East Africa Research Papers in Economics and Finance, 2016:05
Keyword [en]
Rwanda; income diversification; non-farm income; agglomeration economies; three-level multi-level model
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-34624OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-34624DiVA: diva2:1062452
Available from: 2017-01-05 Created: 2017-01-05 Last updated: 2017-01-05Bibliographically approved

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Nilsson, Pia

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf