Mumpreneurship: Does Motherhood Influence Women’s Entrepreneurial Self-Efficacy?
2016 (English)Conference paper, Abstract (Refereed)
The importance of entrepreneurial self-efficacy for entrepreneurial action is well established. Extant research asserts that motivation of female entrepreneurs differs from male entrepreneurs, women are less confident than men, and, they show lower willingness to start a business. Despite these findings, the number of women entrepreneurs in general and mumpreneurs in particular is raising worldwide. To understand the phenomenon better, I explore two research questions: 1) why are women particularly prone to become entrepreneurs after becoming mothers? and 2) can motherhood be considered a springboard for women’s entrepreneurial action? To address these questions, I build on Bandura’s social learning theory and its assertion that mastery experience provides the strongest stimulus for action; and theorize that giving birth and raising a child will have a positive effect on woman’s confidence in general and entrepreneurial self-efficacy in particular. More specifically, by analyzing the type of skills and abilities that are required from parents when raising children, the type of problems encountered, and the type of experiences parents go through in this process, this paper illustrates their similarity to the entrepreneurship context. Consequently, this paper argues that motherhood can act as a springboard for women’s confidence to start and run a new venture. As such, there are two important implications of the argument developed. First, motherhood is a source of rich experiences and skills. Second, women entrepreneurs are not a homogeneous group and for policy makers to provide effective policy tools for the respective subgroups further clustering is required.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-34561OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-34561DiVA: diva2:1059287
Academy of Management Annual Meeting, Anaheim, August 5-9, 2016.