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Islamism and gender relations in the Muslim world as reflected in recent World Values Survey data
Department of Political Science, Innsbruck University, Austria.
Department of Economics, Sogang University, Korea.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7902-4683
2016 (English)In: Society and Economy, ISSN 1588-9726, E-ISSN 1588-970X, Vol. 38, no 4, 427-453 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Ever since Goldin (1995) proposed the idea that there is a U-shaped female labor force participation rate function in economic development, empirical research is stunned by the question why the countries of the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) are characterized by such low rates of female labor force participation. This gap in labor economics research is all the more perplexing since gender equality, particularly in education and employment, signifi cantly contributes to economic growth. The research strategy of this paper is within a relatively new tradition in labor market research, initiated by Besamusca et al. (2015), which does not exclude the “religious factor” and what the authors call “gender ideology”. Our analysis of the “gender ideology” of Islamism and gender values is based on an empirical analysis of World Values Survey data. In recent economic theory, Carvalho (2013) maintained that Muslim veiling is a strategy for integration, enabling women to take up outside economic opportunities while preserving their reputation within the community. The empirical data clearly support a pessimistic view. We show that Muslim Feminism, which according to our analysis implies the rejection of Islamism and the veil, and the democracy movement in the Muslim world, are closely interrelated. Thus, it is imperative that Western Feminism develops solidarity with Muslim Feminism, and that labor economics stop excluding the religious factor from the analytical frameworks explaining low female labor force participation rates.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 38, no 4, 427-453 p.
Keyword [en]
Social values, female labor participation, comparative study, sociology of economics, economics of gender, World Values Survey
National Category
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-34367DOI: 10.1556/204.2016.38.4.1OAI: diva2:1057937
Available from: 2016-12-19 Created: 2016-12-19 Last updated: 2016-12-19Bibliographically approved

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Heshmati, Almas
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