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Detection of corruption
Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

One often mentioned reason for why it seems very hard to change the amount of corruption in an economy is that those enforcing the laws might also be corrupt. It seems as if the general belief is that if this problem of law enforcement is solved, combating corruption will be as easy to do in heavily corrupt economies as in less corrupt economies. The paper investigates this often implicit assumption by testing two similar propositions; first whether the amount of people being corrupt in a country has any effect on the probabilityof getting caught given the same legal system and enforcement. Second,whether it is harder to influence the probability of detection in a country with a high level of corruption than in a country with a low level of corruption given the same legal system and enforcement level. This is done in two ways; first through an analysis of a simple case and then through numerical simulation of a more extensive case. It is shown that the number of people being corrupt has both a direct negative impact on the likelihood of getting detected as well as an indirect negative impact, since it lowers the positive marginal effect that an increase in the degree of enforcement has on the probability of detection.

National Category
Economics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-31969OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-31969DiVA: diva2:1034650
Available from: 2016-10-12 Created: 2016-10-12 Last updated: 2016-10-12Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Causes of corruption
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Causes of corruption
2009 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This thesis consists of an introductory chapter and four essays. Although possible to read individually they all analyse the causes of corruption and hence complement each other.

The four essays collectively illustrate the complex nature of corruption. Often many interrelated factors work together in causing corruption. Hence, discovering how these factors, individually and together, cause corruption is vital in combating corruption.

The first essay helps to explain the path dependency of corruption. It shows that even if the legal system and enforcement level in a corrupt country or organisation is altered to become identical to that in a non corrupt, the level of corruption may not converge.

The second essay analyses how the decision making structure influences corruption. It is found that even though the profits of corruption may be monotonically related to changes in the organisational structure the incidence of corruption is not necessarily so.

The third essay looks on how corruption may spread between different organisations or countries as they interact with each other, with corrupt/non corrupt behaviour being more likely to be transmitted from successful to nonsuccessful entities than vice versa.

The fourth and final essay investigates how the freedom of information can impact on corruption. Looking on both regulatory and technical constraints on information flows, the conclusion is that relaxation of both constraints simultaneously is needed to combat corruption.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Jönköping: Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, 2009. 138 p.
Series
JIBS Dissertation Series, ISSN 1403-0470 ; 059
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-31974 (URN)978-91-86345-02-0 (ISBN)
Available from: 2016-10-12 Created: 2016-10-12 Last updated: 2016-10-12Bibliographically approved

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  • apa
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