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Elevers erfarenheter av textuppgifter med varierad frågeplacering: En kvalitativ intervjuundersökning med sex elever i årskurs 5
Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Students’ experiences of word problems with varied question placement : A qualitative interview study with six students in 5th grade (English)
Abstract [sv]

Studien behandlar sex elevers erfarenheter av matematiska textuppgifter där frågans placering varierar. Det undersöks eftersom tidigare forskning inte har undersökt frågans placering utifrån elevernas perspektiv. Tidigare forskning har enbart undersökt elevers lösningar av textuppgifter där frågeplaceringen varierat.

Syftet med studien var att undersöka hur sex elever i årskurs 5 erfar matematiska textuppgifter med två olika placeringar av frågan, i slutet och i början av uppgifterna. Undersökningen hade fenomenologi som vetenskaplig teori. I studien intervjuades sex elever medan de löste sex textuppgifter med varierad placering av frågan. Under intervjuerna svarade eleverna på frågor som bland annat berörde textuppgifternas svårighetsgrad och frågans placering. Resultatet av studien visar att elevernas tillvägagångssätt för att lösa uppgifterna inte skilde sig i förhållande till frågans placering. De textuppgifter som eleverna ansåg var svårast hade frågan i början. När frågan var i början ansåg flertalet elever att de, när de läste uppgiften, fokuserade på vad som skulle räknas ut. Trots det föredrog eleverna textuppgifter med frågan i slutet eftersom de var vana vid det. Slutsatsen som kan dras av studien är att eleverna föredrog att frågan var i slutet av skriftliga textuppgifter.

Abstract [en]

This study discusses six students' experiences of mathematical word problems with different locations of the questions. This was investigated because previous research has not investigated the students' perspectives of question placement. Previous research has only investigated students' solutions of word problems with different locations of the questions.

The aim of this study was to investigate how six students, between 11 and 12 years old, in 5th grade experienced mathematical word problems with different locations of the question. The question was either located in the end or in the beginning of the word problem. The study had phenomenology as a scientific theory. This study was done by interviewing each one of the six students while they solved six written mathematical word problems with different location of the question. During the interviews, the students answered questions about for example the difficulty of the word problems and question placement. The result of the study showed that the students' methods to solve the word problems did not differ in relation to where the question was located. The most difficult word problems according to the students had the question in the beginning. The difficulty of the word problems was also affected by which type of problem it was; change problem, combine problem or compare problem. When the question was located in the beginning of the word problem most students perceived that they focused on the calculation of the problem. However, the students preferred word problems with the question in the end because they were used to that. The conclusion is that students preferred the question in the end of written word problems.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 40 p.
Keyword [en]
word problem, question placement, experiences, pupils, grade 5
Keyword [sv]
textuppgift, frågans placering, erfarenheter, elever, årskurs 5
National Category
Mathematics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-31934ISRN: JU-HLK-JU-2-20160266OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-31934DiVA: diva2:1033293
Subject / course
HLK, Mathematics for teaching and learnin
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-10-13 Created: 2016-10-06 Last updated: 2016-10-13Bibliographically approved

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Elevers erfarenheter av textuppgifter med varierad frågeplacering(656 kB)20 downloads
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
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  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
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  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
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