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Prior shared international experience and the survival of international new ventures
Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This paper shows how organizational members’ prior shared experience in international firms affects the survival of the international new ventures (INVs) to which they belong. I propose that as the length of prior shared international experience (PSIE) increases, these ventures are more likely to draw greater survival-enhancing benefits from the pre-existing routines and capabilities that their members previously developed while working together in the same international firm. However, for high PSIE length, INVs may find it difficult and costly to revise existing routines and capabilities and to develop new ones to achieve survival. Using a unique sample of Swedish INVs, I find that PSIE has an inverted U-shaped relationship with survival. Further, I theorize and show that contextual familiarity between the contexts in which PSIE was acquired and those in which it is applied through the INV is an important contingency of the PSIE-survival relationship. This study has valuable implications for research on international entrepreneurship and shared experience.

National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-31931OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-31931DiVA: diva2:1033278
Note

An earlier version of this paper has been presented at the Academy of International Business (AIB) Annual Meeting in New Orleans (United States) in 2016 under the title ‘Founders' prior shared experience and the survival of born global firms’.

Available from: 2016-10-06 Created: 2016-10-06 Last updated: 2016-10-06Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Founding conditions and the survival of new firms: An imprinting perspective on founders, organizational members and external environments
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Founding conditions and the survival of new firms: An imprinting perspective on founders, organizational members and external environments
2016 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

New firms are important sources of new employment, economic growth and innovation. Yet, a large portion of them do not manage to survive their first years of existence. This is often linked to their initial lack of capabilities, resources, routines and legitimacy. Certain favorable conditions at founding may allow new firms to partially overcome these initial shortcomings, and help them survive. For instance, organizational members’ prior experience may provide knowledge and skills to the new firm. However, it may also act as a constraint. It can lead new firms to follow a prescribed way of doing things which may ultimately threaten their survival. Similarly, certain unfavorable conditions of the external environment at founding may paradoxically offer a fertile ground for new firms to nurture their survival. Thus, whether some founding conditions are good or bad for new firms is still an unanswered question.

Building on imprinting theory, this dissertation investigates how different founding conditions affect the survival of new firms. At the organizational level, I study founders’ prior working experience in an incumbent family firm, organizational members’ prior shared international experience and prior industry experience, and focus respectively on three types of new firms: entrepreneurial spawns, international new ventures and high/mid-high tech new firms. I use a matched employer-employee dataset to test the effect of different types of prior experience on new firm survival. At the environment level, I propose how population density of similar organizational forms and the mortality of generalist organizations at founding may affect the survival of new family firms.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Jönköping: Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, 2016. 63 p.
Series
JIBS Dissertation Series, ISSN 1403-0470 ; 111
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-31935 (URN)978-91-86345-70-9 (ISBN)
Public defence
2016-10-14, B1014, Jönköping University, International Business School, Jönköping, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2016-10-06 Created: 2016-10-06 Last updated: 2016-10-06Bibliographically approved

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