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Occurrence of epileptiform discharges and sleep during EEG recordings in children after melatonin intake versus sleep-deprivation
Department of Clinical Neurophysiology, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ, Avd. för omvårdnad. Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ. ADULT.
Department of Clinical Neurophysiology, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
Department of Clinical Neurophysiology, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
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2015 (Engelska)Ingår i: Clinical Neurophysiology, ISSN 1388-2457, E-ISSN 1872-8952, Vol. 126, nr 8, s. 1493-1497Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVE:

To determine if melatonin is equally efficient as partial sleep deprivation in inducing sleep without interfering with epileptiform discharges in EEG recordings in children 1-16years old.

METHODS:

We retrospectively analysed 129 EEGs recorded after melatonin intake and 113 EEGs recorded after partial sleep deprivation. Comparisons were made concerning occurrence of epileptiform discharges, the number of children who fell asleep and the technical quality of EEG recordings. Comparison between different age groups was also made.

RESULTS:

No significant differences were found regarding occurrence of epileptiform discharges (33% after melatonin intake, 36% after sleep deprivation), or proportion of unsuccessful EEGs (8% and 10%, respectively). Melatonin and sleep deprivation were equally efficient in inducing sleep (70% in both groups). Significantly more children aged 1-4years obtained sleep after melatonin intake in comparison to sleep deprivation (82% vs. 58%, p⩽0.01), and in comparison to older children with melatonin induced sleep (58-67%, p⩽0.05). Sleep deprived children 9-12 years old had higher percentage of epileptiform discharges (62%, p⩽0.05) compared to younger sleep deprived children.

CONCLUSION:

Melatonin is equally efficient as partial sleep deprivation to induce sleep and does not affect the occurrence of epileptiform discharges in the EEG recording. Sleep deprivation could still be preferable in older children as melatonin probably has less sleep inducing effect.

SIGNIFICANCE:

Melatonin induced sleep have advantages, especially in younger children as they fall asleep easier than after sleep deprivation. The procedure is easier for the parents than keeping a young child awake for half the night.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
2015. Vol. 126, nr 8, s. 1493-1497
Nyckelord [en]
Melatonin, EEG, Sleep deprivation, Epileptiform discharges, Children, Epilepsy
Nationell ämneskategori
Neurologi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-25550DOI: 10.1016/j.clinph.2014.10.015ISI: 000357488800008PubMedID: 25453612Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84937730112OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-25550DiVA, id: diva2:777825
Tillgänglig från: 2015-01-09 Skapad: 2015-01-09 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-12-05Bibliografiskt granskad

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