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Design, application and impact of quality improvement 'theme months' in orthopaedic nursing: A mixed method case study on pressure ulcer prevention
Karolinska Institutet.
Karolinska Institutet.
Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, The Jönköping Academy for Improvement of Health and Welfare. Linköping University.
Sophiahemmet University College.
Vise andre og tillknytning
2013 (engelsk)Inngår i: International Journal of Nursing Studies, ISSN 0020-7489, E-ISSN 1873-491X, Vol. 50, nr 4, s. 527-535Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: While there is growing awareness of quality problems in healthcare systems, it remains uncertain how best to accomplish and sustain improvement over time.

Objective: To report on the design and application of quality improvement theme months in orthopaedic nursing, and evaluate the impact on pressure ulcer as an example.

Design: Retrospective mixed method case study with time series diagrams.

Setting: An orthopaedic department at a Swedish university hospital.

Method: The interventions were led by nursing teams and focused on one improvement theme at a time in two-month cycles, hence the term 'improvement theme months'. These included defined objectives, easy-to-use follow-up measurement, education, changes to daily routines, "reminder months" and data feedback. The study draws on retrospective record data regarding one of the theme topics, pressure ulcer risk assessment and prevalence, in 2281 orthopaedic admissions during January 2007-October 2010 through point prevalence measurement one-day per month. Data were analysed in time series diagrams and through comparison to annual point prevalence data from mandatory county council-wide measurements prior to, during and after interventions from 2003 to 2010. By using document analysis we reviewed concurrent initiatives at different levels in the healthcare organisation and related them to the improvement theme months and their impact.

Results: The 46 monthly point prevalence samples ranged from 28 to 66 admissions. Substantial improvements were found in risk assessment rates for pressure ulcers both in the longitudinal follow-up (p<0.001) and in the annual county council-wide measurements. A reduction in pressure ulcer rate was observed in the annual county council-wide measurements. In the longitudinal data, wider variation in the pressure ulcer rate was seen (p<0.067); however, there was a significant decrease in pressure ulcer rates during the final ten-month period in 2010, compared to the baseline period in 2007 (p=0.004). Improvements were moderate the first years and needed reinforcement to be maintained.

Conclusions: The theme month design and the way it was applied in this case showed potential, contributing to reduced pressure ulcer prevalence, as a way to conduct quality improvement initiatives in nursing. For sustainable improvement, multi component interventions are needed with regular monitoring and reminder efforts.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
2013. Vol. 50, nr 4, s. 527-535
Emneord [en]
Case study, Nursing, Orthopaedic care, Patient safety, Pressure ulcer, Quality improvement
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-23471DOI: 10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2013.02.002ISI: 000316977600010PubMedID: 23453324Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84875278871OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-23471DiVA, id: diva2:696102
Tilgjengelig fra: 2014-02-12 Laget: 2014-02-12 Sist oppdatert: 2018-10-22bibliografisk kontrollert

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