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Big, bad and stupid or big, good and smart?: a three-year participant observational field study of the male bodybuilder stereotype and its consequences
Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell. (School Research and Development)
2004 (English)Book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This research aims at exploring the male bodybuilder stereotype by establishingwhether there indeed exists a stereotypical response pattern inbeing confronted with this type of athlete. If so, which is the content of thisstereotype? Is there also a cross-cultural fit to such a pattern? The study issocio-biologically oriented and designed mainly as a participant-observationfield study in varying Swedish settings over a period of three years. An internationalsample proper of bodybuilders (N = 22) from four Western countriesfor comparison participated by means of a questionnaire derived fromthe observational data (average age M = 36.6, SD = 6.9; average weight M =113.6 kilos, SD = 12.4 kilos and average height M = 177.6 cm, SD = 3.7 cm).The data were subjected to a content analysis focusing on categorising inaccordance with socio-biological assumptions as well as by the responses’assumed intent and type. Results suggest a distinctive pattern to responseswhich, in addition, appear cross-culturally valid (the agreement index was .84).The male bodybuilder stereotype may be outlined as a series of dichotomousdimensions, which vary by emphasis in accordance with culture but apparentlynot in nature: 1) Someone to envy or someone to admire; 2) Someone to beafraid of or someone to make friends with; 3) Someone unintelligent or someonedetermined and skilled; 4) Someone to harass or someone to desire; and 5)Someone embarrassing or someone to be proud of. A sub-sample of Swedishparticipants only (n = 13) is dealt with separately, since the Swedish researchcontext appears to have several unique features. Possible implications of the studyare discussed as well as future research.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Jönköping: Jönköping University Press , 2004. , p. 112
Keywords [en]
Social Psychology, Sociology, Socio-Biology, Body Perception, Stereotyping, Prejudice, Marginalisation, Sub-cultures, Discrimination, Gender Studies, Masculinity, Bodybuilding, Insider research.
National Category
Sociology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-4825ISBN: 91-974953-2-8 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-4825DiVA, id: diva2:35645
Available from: 2009-08-30 Created: 2007-07-19 Last updated: 2013-12-17Bibliographically approved

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Persson, Roland S

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
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  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
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  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
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  • Other locale
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Output format
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