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The use of Information and Communication Technology in disaster management: The case of Cameroon
Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Informatik.
Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Företagsekonomi.
2010 (Engelska)Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
Abstract [en]

Abstract

The frequency of natural disasters and its negative consequences in terms of the number of people killed, property destroyed and negative environmental impacts caused in the affected communities constitute one of the basic foundations and motivations for the development and use of ICT and other means of preventing as well as responding to disasters in the world today. This is simply because disaster management constitutes an important part of any developmental framework. Unfortunately a majority of these natural disasters occur in developing countries where information flow is greatly hampered because the national actors in disasters lack the skills to use ICT to prepare for and to response to disasters in their communities. Current study aims at studying the use of ICT in disaster management in Cameroon-a less developing country south of the Sahara

To achieve the aim of this study, a quantitative research approach was chosen. A total sample of 150 organisations was selected from a population of 285 organisations within Cameroon, that are directly or indirectly involved with disaster management or developmental issues of any nature. In total 150 questionnaires were administered to these selected national actors by mail, internet, telephone and self-administration and 85 of the organisations respondended to the questionnaire.

After collecting and analysing the data, the authors came to the conclusions that; disasters occur in Cameroon on frequent bases causing lots of damages thus the need for ICT use in humanitarian logistics to move information and material. Results showed that national actors use the radio and local TV (CRTV) for disaster preparedness and the mobile phone for disaster response, while the internet and computer techonology, foreign TV, Fixed phone and fax had a very low usage rate or sometimes not used at all. The reason for low usage or no usage was due to problems encountered by national actors in an attempt of trying to use them. Against this background, the authors suggested a number of recommendations that could improve the degree of ICT usage. One of them was that the Cameroon government should partner with private sector firms to make ICT infrastructure available by investing more and improving on the telecommunication sector in the country. This will solve the problem of poor ICT infrastructure, poor radio and TV signals, limited internet connectivity accessibility and availability in Cameroon.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
2010. , s. 68
Nyckelord [en]
ICT, ICT use, humanitarian logistics, disaster management, disaster preparedness, disaster response
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-13235OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-13235DiVA, id: diva2:353241
Uppsök
teknik
Handledare
Examinatorer
Tillgänglig från: 2010-09-29 Skapad: 2010-09-24 Senast uppdaterad: 2010-09-29Bibliografiskt granskad

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Bong, Carine KuoNgang, Joseph Bayiah
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