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Influence of shipment size on logistics costs in the ordering company
Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management. JTH. Research area Industrial Production.
2000 (English)In: Proceedings of the 12th NOFOMA Conference, Aarhus, Denmark, 2000Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This paper shows the great importance of taking transportation costs into account when deciding on the shipment sizes. During the last few decades companies have tried to reduce their shipment sizes, in order to increase their inventory turnover rates. However, the transportation cost is hardly ever included as an explicit parameter in the shipment size decision. The results from a case study show that it is economically advantageous, in the perspective of the model applied, to increase the shipment sizes for many of the suppliers. These results are discussed together with the factors that act for smaller shipment sizes. One of the final conclusions is, however, that if the manufacturing and the materials flow systems were changed in order to take full advantage of smaller shipment sizes and less material in house, it would possibly be profitable to decrease the shipment sizes even more than has hitherto been done.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2000.
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-3256OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-3256DiVA, id: diva2:34076
Available from: 2007-08-20 Created: 2007-08-20

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Johansson, Eva

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