Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
The Nordic Stroke Driver Screening Assessment as predictor for the outcome of an on-road test.
Department of Neurobiology, Care Science and Society, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
Karolinska University Hospital, Traffic Medicine Centre, Stockholm, Sweden.
Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0756-6862
2010 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, ISSN 1103-8128, E-ISSN 1651-2014, Vol. 17, no 1, p. 10-17Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The use of the cognitive test battery Nordic Stroke Driver Screening Assessment (NorSDSA) has increased, sometimes as a stand-alone test to evaluate fitness to drive, also for non-stroke patients such as patients suffering from cognitive deficits/dementia, approaches that may be questioned. The objective of the study was to determine whether the NorSDSA could predict an on-road test result, for large sets of stroke ( n=74) and cognitive deficits/dementia participants ( n=116), respectively. The percentage of correctly classified was 62% for the stroke group and 50% for the cognitive deficits/dementia group. A discriminant analysis with pass/fail on the on-road test as grouping variable could classify 62% of the stroke participants and the cognitive deficit/dementia participants. Hence, the NorSDSA could not predict the outcome of the on-road test. Therefore, NorSDSA should not be used as a stand-alone test to determine the fitness to drive of individual participants. Also, its use with participants suffering from cognitive deficits/dementia appears to be less successful than for clients with stroke.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 17, no 1, p. 10-17
Keywords [en]
Cognitive deficits, dementia, driving assessment, NorSDSA, off-road test, stroke
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-11827DOI: 10.3109/11038120802714898OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-11827DiVA, id: diva2:305677
Available from: 2010-05-31 Created: 2010-03-24 Last updated: 2017-12-12Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Driving assessment and driving behaviour
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Driving assessment and driving behaviour
2012 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Introduction

Driving is an important part of everyday life and represents independence. Activities, both productive and social, may be affected if a person can no longer drive. Older drivers, as a group, have a low crash rate. On the other hand, driving may be affected by medical conditions in this group, for example dementia or stroke, which often call into question a person’s fitness to drive. However, there are older drivers who may benefit from compensatory strategies to prevent driving cessation.

Aim

The aim of the thesis was to examine driving assessments methods, both off-and on-road tests, and if an intervention may improve driving behaviour for older adults.

The specific aims were to:

  • examine how occupational therapists (OTs) are involved in driving assessments in Sweden, what methods are used and how these assessments are performed;
  • determine whether the commonly used cognitive test battery, the NorSDSA, could predict an on-road test results for stroke and cognitive deficits/dementia participants;
  • investigate driving errors characteristic in older drivers without cognitive impairments and identify relationships between off-road and on-road tests results;
  • investigate whether automatic transmission, compared with manual transmission, may improve driving behaviour of older and younger drivers.

Methods

In Study I, a questionnaire was sent to 154 geriatric, rehabilitation and neurological clinics and additionally directly to 19 OTs. In Study II, data consisted of test results from 195 clients who had completed a fitness to drive assessment. In Study III, 85 older volunteer drivers were assessed regarding their vision, cognition and driving behaviour. In Study IV, 31 older drivers and 32 younger drivers were assessed twice on the same fixed route; once in a car with manual transmission and once in a car with automatic transmission.

Results

Driving assessments were carried out by OTs in various manners and diverse methods were used. Most OTs used off-road tests; tests developed specifically for driving assessments or un-standardised activity assessments. Even though few off-road tests can predict driving performance, only 19 % of the OTs used on-road test. The off-road test NorSDSA could neither predict an outcome of an on-road test for stroke clients, nor for cognitive deficits/dementia clients. Some of the older volunteer drivers displayed questionable driving behaviour, although they were fit to drive and a total of 21 % failed the on-road test. Using automatic instead of manual transmission was shown to improve older, but not younger drivers’ driving behaviour.

Conclusions

For OTs in Sweden, driving assessments are challenging, since there are no specified guidelines regarding the appropriate assessment tools. Assessors often solely rely on cognitive test(s) when assessing their clients. NorSDSA should not be used as a stand-alone test when determining fitness to drive. The lack of guidelines can be problematic for OTs, but also for the clients, since there is a risk that they do not receive a valid and reliable assessment. To perform these kinds of assessments there is a need for specialised training. On-road assessments are seen as the gold standard but that standard needs to encompass driving problems or errors that are “normal” driving behaviours in older persons. To switch from manual to automatic transmission may be a way to assist older drivers to continue driving and maintain the quality of their transport mobility.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Jönköping: School of Health Sciences, 2012. p. 100
Series
Hälsohögskolans avhandlingsserie, ISSN 1654-3602 ; 36
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-19841 (URN)978-91-85835-35-5 (ISBN)
Supervisors
Available from: 2012-11-16 Created: 2012-11-16 Last updated: 2015-12-22Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text in DiVA

Other links

Publisher's full text

Authority records BETA

Selander, HelenaFalkmer, Torbjörn

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Selander, HelenaFalkmer, Torbjörn
By organisation
HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health
In the same journal
Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Medical and Health Sciences

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

doi
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

doi
urn-nbn
Total: 531 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf