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Workplace interventions focusing on how to plan, organize and design the work environment in hospital settings: A systematic review
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, The Jönköping Academy for Improvement of Health and Welfare. Occupational Safety and Health Care, Region Jönköping County, Jönköping, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4406-3014
Jönköping University, The University Library.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2621-6080
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, The Jönköping Academy for Improvement of Health and Welfare. Occupational Safety and Health Care, Region Jönköping County, Jönköping, Sweden.
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, The Jönköping Academy for Improvement of Health and Welfare. Futurum - Academy for Healthcare, Region Jönköping County, Jönköping, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6302-8068
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2024 (English)In: Work: A journal of Prevention, Assessment and rehabilitation, ISSN 1051-9815, E-ISSN 1875-9270Article, review/survey (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: Occupational Health Service (OHS) is a service that should support employers and employees with their work environment. Previous research indicates the need for deeper knowledge about the effect of workplace interventions with a focus on planning, organizing and designing the workplace to improve work conditions in hospital settings.

OBJECTIVE: The aim was to evaluate the outcomes, workplace interventions and intervention strategies in hospital settings.

METHODS: A systematic literature review was conducted. CINAHL, MEDLINE, PsycInfo, Scopus, and Web of Science Core Collection were searched in September 2021. The Mixed Methods Appraisal Tool was used to evaluate the quality of the included studies. Study results are presented through a narrative synthesis. A protocol for this study was registered on the Open Science Framework.

RESULTS: Twenty-six studies, published between 2010 and 2021, were included. These included randomized controlled trials (RCTs), non-RCTs, and mixed methods reports with moderate to good quality. The results support the use of workplace interventions to improve work conditions, health, and well-being in hospital settings. Combinations of different interventions, tailored to the specific organization, were used. Important intervention strategies commonly used in the start-up, evaluation, and intervention of successful workplace interventions, were identified. Using a pragmatist complexity approach in workplace interventions can improve outcomes by providing clear intervention strategies and combinations of tailored interventions, related to context specific problems.

CONCLUSION: OHS support in workplace interventions with clear intervention strategies will contribute to improve work conditions, health and well-being in hospital settings.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IOS Press, 2024.
Keywords [en]
Health personnel, health promotion, implementation science, occupational health, occupational health services, working conditions
National Category
Occupational Therapy Health Care Service and Management, Health Policy and Services and Health Economy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-63463DOI: 10.3233/WOR-230205PubMedID: 38277328Local ID: HOA;;933829OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-63463DiVA, id: diva2:1833184
Funder
Futurum - Academy for Health and Care, Jönköping County Council, SwedenAvailable from: 2024-01-31 Created: 2024-01-31 Last updated: 2024-01-31

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Haraldsson, PatrikNylander, ElisabethJonker, DirkRos, AxelAreskoug Josefsson, Kristina

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Haraldsson, PatrikNylander, ElisabethJonker, DirkRos, AxelAreskoug Josefsson, Kristina
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Work: A journal of Prevention, Assessment and rehabilitation
Occupational TherapyHealth Care Service and Management, Health Policy and Services and Health Economy

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