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Experiences of long-term unemployment from an occupational perspective: A scoping review
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare.
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Department of Rehabilitation.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1338-9644
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Department of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Studies on Integrated Health and Welfare (SIHW).ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3309-2816
2023 (English)In: Journal of Occupational Science, ISSN 1442-7591, E-ISSN 2158-1576Article, review/survey (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Long-term unemployment impacts a person’s life and opportunities for participating in occupations. Despite the frequent occurrence of short-term unemployment, the proportion of long-term unemployment in Western contexts remains high and is growing, which particularly affects vulnerable groups and thus is an issue of relevance for occupational science. Research into the lived experiences of being long-term unemployed and how it affects daily life is limited, although the need to look more closely into unemployment has been recognized. The aim of this study was to describe people’s experiences of long-term unemployment from an occupational perspective. Due to the dearth of studies in this area, a scoping review methodological framework was used, resulting in nine relevant studies reported in English to be included in a thematic analysis. Results revealed three analytical themes: Experiences of occupations during and due to long-term unemployment; Experiences of occupational obstacles; and Experiences of occupational enablers. The daily lives of long-term unemployed people consist largely of occupations they perform for obligatory reasons, that is, to be eligible for economic subsidies for their survival, and less of anything related to what they want or need. People also experience obstacles that limit and restrict their opportunities of engaging in meaningful occupations. These obstacles could be seen as occupational injustices. Enabling factors also exist, but they are not available or possible for all. Being long-term unemployed changes people’s participation and engagement in occupations. By understanding the experience of long-term unemployment, it is possible to plan and implement better services.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2023.
Keywords [en]
daily activities, occupational rights, Occupational science, unemployment, vulnerable life situations
National Category
Occupational Therapy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-63448DOI: 10.1080/14427591.2023.2286466ISI: 001142447200001Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85182476900Local ID: HOA;;933709OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-63448DiVA, id: diva2:1832762
Available from: 2024-01-30 Created: 2024-01-30 Last updated: 2024-01-30

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Morville, Anne-LeJansson, Inger

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