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Digital Wars: #GuacamayaLeaks and the rise of hacktivism in technopolitics: A netnography to understand the complexity of digital communication processes.
Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Communication, Culture and Diversity (CCD). Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies. Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Sustainable Societies (SUS), Sustainability Education Research (SER). (Sustainable Communication Master Programme)
2023 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Sustainable development
Sustainable Development
Alternative title
Digital Wars: #GuacamayaLeaks and the rise of hacktivism in technopolitics : A netnography to understand the complexity of digital communication processes. (English)
Abstract [en]

This master thesis explores the dynamics of information flows between the hacktivist group Guacamaya, media outlets and social media users. The study aims to understand the role of various social actors within the digital space such as media outlets, journalists, bots, and trolls, in shaping public opinion and the overall effectiveness of the group's communication activities. A netnographic methodology was employed to observe the journey and transformation of information as it travelled from the hacktivist group to journalists and eventually to social media users. Tweets were obtained purposefully, to build a media ecology with sentiments, topics and where different actors interact with the information and with each other, modifying and reinterpreting the purpose of Guacamaya. The theoretical framework draws on the concepts of technopolitics, hacktivism, information flows, the network society and gatekeeping. My findings show how the Internet is a contested territory where attention and power are disputed. They also provide evidence on the complexity of the communication process in the digital space as all interactions from all actors influence the information flow. The conclusions highlight the new media ecology environment and the multidisciplinary role of actors in the digital realm. Furthermore, they argue that hacktivism as counterpower involves more than technical skills for uncovering hidden information and demanding accountability, but also strategic reappropriation for reducing inequalities and promoting just and inclusive societies. Hopefully, this thesis contributes to understanding the potential of hacktivists groups to drive political and social change through the understanding of a new communication environment.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2023. , p. 76
Keywords [en]
hacktivism, technopolitics, netnography, information flows, gatekeeping, communication ecologies, digital media, social media, network society
National Category
Media Studies Communication Studies Information Systems, Social aspects
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-61955ISRN: JU-HLK-MKA-2-20230545OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-61955DiVA, id: diva2:1781425
Subject / course
HLK, Media and Communication Studies
Presentation
(English)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2023-07-10 Created: 2023-07-08 Last updated: 2023-07-10Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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