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Gastroesofagael Reflux (Gerd) Och Oral Hälsa: En allmän litteraturstudie
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Centre for Oral Health.
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Centre for Oral Health.
2022 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and oral health : A literature study (English)
Abstract [sv]

Syfte: Studiens syfte var att undersöka hur den orala hälsan påverkas hos patienter med gastroesofagael reflux sjukdom (GERD) med frågeställningarna: Förekommer orala sjukdomar och/eller kliniska tecken hos patienter med GERD? och Hur påverkas oral hälsorelaterad livskvalitet hos patienter med GERD? Metod: Sökningen av artiklar i denna litteraturstudie utfördes i tre databaser: Dentistry & oral sciences source (DOSS), MEDLINE och CINAHL. Artiklarna vilka inkluderades i denna litteraturstudie var publicerade mellan åren 2011–2022 och besvarade studiens syfte samt frågeställningar. Totalt valdes 17 st relevanta artiklar till studiens resultat. Resultat:  Gastroesofagael reflux sjukdom (GERD) kan påverka den orala hälsan negativt samt minska individens livskvalitet på olika sätt, då den kan bidra till ökad risk för olika orala sjukdomar och tillstånd såsom karies, gingivit och parodontit. GERD kan även leda till tandsubstansförlust framför allt genom erosionsskador. Högre prevalens av munslemhinneförändringar, minskad salivsekretion, oral halitosis och ilningar kunde ses hos personer med GERD sjukdomen. Slutsats: Det finns ett samband mellan GERD och negativ påverkan på den orala hälsan, välbefinnandet samt oral livskvalitet. Mer forskning kring hur GERD påverkar den orala hälsan krävs, för att i framtiden kunna skapa hälsofrämjande och preventiva åtgärder som reducerar konsekvenserna av GERD på den orala hälsan. 

Abstract [en]

Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate how the oral health is affected regarding patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) with the focus on the following questions: Does oral diseases and/or clinical signs occur in patients with GERD? and How is oral health related quality of life effected in patients with GERD? Method: In this literature study the searching of articles was performed in three databases: Dentistry & Oral Sciences Source (DOSS), MEDLINE and CINAHL. The included articles were published between 2011–2022 and were relevant to the aim of the study. In total there were 17 relevant articles selected for the study’s results. Results: Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) can adversely affect the oral health and reduce the individual's quality of life in different ways, as it can lead to an increased risk of different oral diseases and conditions such as caries, gingivitis, and periodontitis. GERD can also lead to tooth surface loss, especially due to dental erosions. A higher prevalence of mouth mucosa changes, reduced saliva secretion, oral halitosis and tooth sensitivity were seen in people with GERD disease. Conclusion: There is a connection between GERD and a negative impact on the oral health, well-being, and oral quality of life. More research on how GERD affects oral health is required, in order to create health-promoting and preventive measures that reduce the consequences of GERD on oral health.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2022. , p. 27
Keywords [en]
Acid regurgitation, GERD, Oral diseases, Oral manifestations, Oral mucosal changes
Keywords [sv]
GERD, Munslemhinneförändringar, Orala manifestationer, Orala sjukdomar, Sura uppstötningar
National Category
Other Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-57118ISRN: JU-HHJ-OHA-1-20220102OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-57118DiVA, id: diva2:1668283
Subject / course
HHJ, Oral Health Science
Available from: 2022-06-16 Created: 2022-06-13 Last updated: 2022-06-16Bibliographically approved

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