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How do mature born globals create customer value to achieve international growth?
Högskolan i Halmstad, Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER).ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8194-2053
Högskolan i Halmstad, Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER).ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0554-9591
Högskolan i Halmstad, Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER).ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0419-8654
Högskolan i Halmstad, Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER).
2020 (English)In: International Marketing Review, ISSN 0265-1335, E-ISSN 1758-6763, Vol. 37, no 2, p. 185-211Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose – This study aims to investigate how mature born global firms create value for customers to achieve continued international growth.

Design/methodology/approach – The study employs a case study approach to investigate the underresearched area of how mature born globals create value for customers and, by doing so, contribute to their continued international growth. This in-depth examination of how three born globals developed over time uses interviews, observation and secondary data.

Findings – The findings indicate that the entrepreneurs of born global firms, that continued to grow, created a culture in the early stages that supported value creation for foreign customers. These firms have built a competitive position by developing international niche products. They have also implemented a combination of proactive and reactive market orientation to facilitate the creation and delivery of value to customers. To maintain growth, they further invest the revenues earned on additional international marketing activities and continuously enhance their focal products.

Research limitations/implications – The study relies on three cases. We therefore recommend that future studies extend the scope of the research to several companies in various industries and countries, in which the theoretical arguments can be applied. In addition, further studies that test the propositions developed in this study, in different contexts, are highly recommended.

Practical implications – To gain international growth, managers should create an organizational culture that facilitates satisfying international customer needs. Firms should continuously invest in sales and market development (e.g. social media marketing, personal selling) and undertake technology development of niche rather than new products. To achieve international growth, managers need to standardize part of the offer to achieve economies of scale and adapt the other part to international customers’ needs.

Originality/value – Research on born globals has focused on the early stages of their internationalization processes, while largely neglecting the later stages (mature born globals) or the factors that lead to continued international growth. To address this gap, this study explores what happens when born globals ‘grow up’. This study contributes to the literature by capturing the factors and processes underlying how mature born globals create value for customers, for international growth. In particular, the study shows that the culture and strategies developed in the born globals’ early stages also lead to international growth in later stages. The mature born globals have also invested in niche products, brand building, and effective market channels and adopted a combination of proactive and reactive market orientations.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Bingley: Emerald Group Publishing Limited , 2020. Vol. 37, no 2, p. 185-211
Keywords [en]
Born globals, International growth, Customer value, Marketing orientation
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-54554DOI: 10.1108/IMR-11-2018-0340ISI: 000514677900001Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85079812611OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-54554DiVA, id: diva2:1591272
Funder
Knowledge FoundationAvailable from: 2020-05-30 Created: 2021-09-06Bibliographically approved

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Andersson, SvanteAwuah, Gabriel BaffourAagerup, UlfWictor, Ingemar

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