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Process evaluation of an autism-specific workplace tool for employers
School of Occupational Therapy, Social Work and Speech Pathology, Curtin University, Perth, Australia; Cooperative Research Centre for Living with Autism (Autism CRC), Brisbane, Australia.
Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD. School of Occupational Therapy, Social Work and Speech Pathology, Curtin University, Perth, Australia; Cooperative Research Centre for Living with Autism (Autism CRC), Brisbane, Australia.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7275-3472
School of Occupational Therapy, Social Work and Speech Pathology, Curtin University, Perth, Australia.
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD. School of Occupational Therapy, Social Work and Speech Pathology, Curtin University, Perth, Australia; Cooperative Research Centre for Living with Autism (Autism CRC), Brisbane, Australia; Rehabilitation Medicine, Department of Medicine and Health Science (IMH), Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0756-6862
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2022 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, ISSN 1103-8128, E-ISSN 1651-2014, Vol. 29, no 8, p. 686-698Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Limited studies exist exploring employers’ capacity in hiring and supporting employees on the autism spectrum, and even fewer have considered interventions targeting employers’ skills and knowledge in enhancing employment opportunities. In response to this need, the Integrated Employment Success Tool (IESTTM) was developed and its effectiveness established in a randomized controlled trial (RCT). Furthermore, a process evaluation was conducted to determine the usability and implementation of the IESTTM.

Aims/objectives: The process evaluation was conducted to determine employers’ perceived usability, implementation, and perceived barriers and facilitators in using the IESTTM.

Material and methods: Employers (N = 29) provided their feedback via an online questionnaire. Of these, 11 participants were interviewed, further exploring their experiences. Data were analysed via descriptive statistics and thematic analysis.

Results: While employers’ frequency and usage of the IESTTM varied across workplaces, it was predominantly used to increase employers’ knowledge of autism and implement workplace strategies. A major barrier was the paper-based format of the intervention, with more than 60% of employers indicating the need for an online version.

Conclusions and significance: The process evaluation was a critical step in understanding why the IESTTM was effective, and how it could be further optimized for prospective employers. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2022. Vol. 29, no 8, p. 686-698
Keywords [en]
Autism spectrum disorder, complex intervention, employment, hiring, work environment
National Category
Occupational Therapy Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-50710DOI: 10.1080/11038128.2020.1820571ISI: 000571556900001PubMedID: 32955966Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85091193921Local ID: ;intsam;50710OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-50710DiVA, id: diva2:1471420
Available from: 2020-09-29 Created: 2020-09-29 Last updated: 2023-05-08Bibliographically approved

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Falkmer, MaritaFalkmer, Torbjörn

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