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Policy entrepreneurship and entrepreneurial orientation in vulnerable Swedish municipalities
Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Family Entrepreneurship and Ownership (CeFEO). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Entrepreneurship and Spatial Economics (CEnSE).ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0691-2740
Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7432-7442
Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Entrepreneurship and Spatial Economics (CEnSE).
2020 (English)In: Entrepreneurship and Regional Development, ISSN 0898-5626, E-ISSN 1464-5114, Vol. 32, no 7-8, p. 473-491Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Small- and medium-sized towns (SMSTs) not integrated into expanding metropolitan regions often face industrial decline and depopulation. As a result, many of them lack resilience to change and may be classified as vulnerable. While research holds that a local government’s efforts to act in an entrepreneurial way are important for the development of vulnerable SMSTs, entrepreneurship behaviours in the local public sector remain under-investigated. In this paper, we address this gap in the literature by investigating whether and how vulnerable SMSTs differ in their entrepreneurial behaviours. Based on the concepts of policy entrepreneurship and entrepreneurial orientation, we performed a survey of Swedish local communities about their work on strengthening and renewing local business life and improving their own administrations. We analyse factors associated with these activities and examine differences between the policy entrepreneurship of vulnerable and nonvulnerable places, as well as differences within the vulnerable group. Vulnerable places rank low in entrepreneurial orientation, which may contribute to regional lock-in. Cluster analysis reveals that the vulnerable municipalities are a heterogeneous group, which we classify into “entrepreneurs’ ‘local innovators’, and ‘disengaged risktakers’. Regression analysis indicates that local social capital may increase entrepreneurial orientation in vulnerable places by strengthening the focus on innovation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2020. Vol. 32, no 7-8, p. 473-491
Keywords [en]
entrepreneurial orientation, L26, local governance, Political entrepreneurship, R11, R12, R58, small- and medium-sized towns, vulnerable communities
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-50332DOI: 10.1080/08985626.2020.1798557ISI: 000556511500001Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85089201122Local ID: HOA;;1459779OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-50332DiVA, id: diva2:1459779
Available from: 2020-08-20 Created: 2020-08-20 Last updated: 2021-02-25Bibliographically approved

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Naldi, LuciaLarsson, Johan P.Westlund, Hans

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