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Swedish translation and validation of the Pediatric Insomnia Severity Index
Crown Princess Victoria's Child and Youth Hospital, Department of Biomedical and Clinical Sciences, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
Department of Cardiology, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
Swedish Defense Research Agency, Linköping, Sweden.
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Centre for Oral Health. Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Institute for Postgraduate Dental Education, Jönköping, Sweden.
2020 (English)In: BMC Pediatrics, ISSN 1471-2431, E-ISSN 1471-2431, Vol. 20, no 1, article id 253Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: To increase health and well-being in young children, it is important to acknowledge and promote the child's sleep behaviour. However, there is a lack of brief, validated sleep screening instruments for children. The aims of the study were to (1) present a Swedish translation of the PISI, (2) examine the factor structure of the Swedish version of PISI, and test the reliability and validity of the PISI factor structure in a sample of healthy children in Sweden.

Methods: The English version of the PISI was translated into Swedish, translated back into English, and agreed upon before use. Parents of healthy 3- to 10-year-old children filled out the Swedish version of the PISI and the generic health-related quality of life instrument KIDSCREEN-27 two times. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses for baseline and test-retest, structural equation modelling, and correlations between the PISI and KIDSCREEN-27 were performed.

Results: In total, 160 parents filled out baseline questionnaires (test), whereof 100 parents (63%) filled out the follow-up questionnaires (retest). Confirmative factor analysis of the PISI found two correlated factors: sleep onset problems (SOP) and sleep maintenance problems (SMP). The PISI had substantial construct and test-retest reliability. The PISI factors were related to all KIDSCREEN-27 dimensions.

Conclusions: The Swedish version of the PISI is applicable for screening sleep problems and is a useful aid in dialogues with families about sleep. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
BioMed Central, 2020. Vol. 20, no 1, article id 253
Keywords [en]
Child, Child, preschool, Health promotion, Pediatrics, Quality of life, Sleep, Translations, Validation studies, Article, confirmatory factor analysis, construct validity, controlled study, correlation analysis, criterion related validity, English (language), exploratory factor analysis, female, follow up, human, human experiment, Insomnia Severity Index, KIDSCREEN 27 questionnaire, male, normal human, parent, Pediatric Insomnia Severity Index, quality of life assessment, reliability, screening test, sleep disorder, stage 1 sleep, structural equation modeling, Swedish citizen, test retest reliability, validation study
National Category
Pediatrics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-50081DOI: 10.1186/s12887-020-02150-5ISI: 000537872000001PubMedID: 32456677Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85085539480Local ID: GOA HHJ 2020OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-50081DiVA, id: diva2:1454362
Funder
Futurum - Academy for Health and Care, Jönköping County Council, Sweden, FUTURUM-766061Futurum - Academy for Health and Care, Jönköping County Council, Sweden, FUTURUM-802921Futurum - Academy for Health and Care, Jönköping County Council, Sweden, FUTURUM-805951Available from: 2020-07-16 Created: 2020-07-16 Last updated: 2020-08-12Bibliographically approved

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