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Hur bestämningsfaktorn socioekonomi påverkar oralhälsorelaterat beteende hos vuxna: En litteraturöversikt
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Centre for Oral Health.
2020 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
How the socioeconomics determinant affects oral health-related behavior in adults. (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Det finns flera bestämningsfaktorer som kan påverka en individs oral hälsorelaterat beteende gällande egenvård och tandvårdsbesök. Socioekonomi är en bestämningsfaktor som har betydelse för oral hälsa och inkluderar utbildningsnivå, kultur, inkomst och levnadsvanor. Det finns en risk för att utveckla orala sjukdomar som påverkas av bestämningsfaktorn socioekonomi.

Syfte: Syftet med studien var att undersöka hur bestämningsfaktorn socioekonomi påverkar oralhälsorelaterat beteende hos vuxna.  

Metod: En litteraturöversikt utfördes där vetenskapliga artiklar söktes fram i två databaser, DOSS och MEDLINE. En modifierad granskningsmall användes till att granska och analysera artiklarna för att bedöma kvalitén. Enbart artiklar som bedömdes ha medel eller hög kvalité inkluderades. Slutligen inkluderades 10 artiklar till denna studie. 

Resultat: Av resultatet framgår hur socioekonomiska faktorer påverkar den oralhälsorelaterade beteendet till egenvårdsvanor samt tandvårdsbesök. Flera socioekonomiska faktorer har visat påverka detta. Mindre goda egenvårdsvanor har visat en association till lägre socioekonomisk status samt individer med lägre socioekonomisk status besöktes tandvården främst vid akuta fall.

Slutsats: Majoriteten av de inkluderade artiklarna påvisade ett samband mellan socioekonomi och egenvårdsvanor samt tandvårdsbesök. Ytterligare forskning inom området krävs för att undersöka sambanden närmare.

Abstract [en]

Background: There are several determinants that can affect an individual's self-care and dental visits. Socioeconomics is an important determinant for the oral health. Socioeconomic factors such as education level, culture, income and living habits have an impact. Several oral diseases are the result of these factors.

Aim: The purpose of the study was to investigate how socioeconomic determinants affect oral health-related behavior in adults.

Method: A literature review was implemented where scientific articles were searched in databases DOSS and MEDLINE. Using a modified review template, the articles were reviewed and analyzed to assess if the quality of the articles were medium or high according to inclusion and exclusion criteria. Lastly, 10 articles were included for this study.

Results: The result examines how socioeconomic factors affect oral health-related behavior of self-care habits and dental visits. Socio-economic factors have been shown to influence this. Less good self-care habits have shown an association with lower socioeconomic status. Individuals with lower socioeconomic status visited dental care mainly in urgent cases. 

Conclusion: The majority of the included articles have shown a link between socioeconomics and self-care habits as well as dental visits. Further research in this area is needed to investigate the association more closely.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2020.
Keywords [sv]
Oral hälsa, socioekonomiska faktorer, bestämningsfaktorer
National Category
Natural Sciences Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-49558ISRN: JU-HHJ-OHA-1-20200078OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-49558DiVA, id: diva2:1444230
External cooperation
Budoor Al-Hasnawi
Subject / course
HHJ, Oral Health Science
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2020-06-22 Created: 2020-06-21 Last updated: 2020-06-22Bibliographically approved

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