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Knowlegde, attitude and behavior regarding oral health among children and adolescents, in Vietnam and Sweden: A literature review
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Centre for Oral Health.
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Centre for Oral Health.
2020 (English)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: Vietnam, being a developing country does not have the same economic means to put into dental care as a country like Sweden. Knowledge, attitude and behavior are determining factors for oral health. The AIM of this literature study´s was therefore to evaluate knowledge, attitude and behavior regarding oral health among children and adolescents, in Vietnam and Sweden. METHOD:A literature review was made using the databases DOSS, MEDLINE and CINAHL. Twelve articles were included for the review. RESULTS: Bleeding gum was known, by one-third of the Vietnamese children and adolescents, to be a clinical sign of gingivitis. In Sweden the knowledge varied between 75-83%. In both Vietnam and Sweden, shiny and white teeth were mentioned to be important. The frequency of toothbrushing twice a day or more was reported from 40% to 68% among the participants in Vietnam. In Sweden, it varied from 73% to 82%. The highest percentage of children who consumed sweets daily or more frequent was 59,7% in Vietnam respectively 2-6% in Sweden. CONCLUSION: Knowledge about oral health was lacking and behavior could be seen to be inadequate. The attitude towards oral health is more focused on appearance than on the aspect of health.

Abstract [sv]

BAKGRUND: Vietnam, som är ett utvecklingsland, har inte samma ekonomiska resurser att prioritera till tandvården, vilket däremot ett land som Sverige har. Kunskap, attityd och beteende är alla bestämningsfaktorer för oral hälsa. SYFTET med studien var att utvärdera kunskap, attityd och beteende gällande oral hälsa bland barn och ungdomar i Vietnam och Sverige. METOD: En litteraturstudie gjordes med hjälp av databaserna DOSS, MEDLINE och CINAHL. Tolv artiklar inkluderades i studien. RESULTAT: En tredjedel av de vietnamesiska barnen och ungdomarna visste att blödande tandkött var ett kliniskt tecken på gingivit. I Sverige varierade kunskapen mellan 75–83%. I både Vietnam och Sverige var skinande och vita tänder viktigt. Tandborstning två gånger om dagen rapporterades av 40–68% av deltagarna i Vietnam. I Sverige varierade det mellan 73–82%. Den högsta procentsatsen av barn som konsumerade sötsaker dagligen eller mer frekvent i Vietnam var, 59,7%. I Sverige varierade detta mellan 2–6%. SLUTSATS:Kunskapen och beteendet kring oral hälsa var bristfällig. Attityden till oral hälsa var mer fokuserad på utseende snarare än hälsoaspekten.  

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2020. , p. 32
Keywords [en]
Attitude, behavior, knowledge, oral health, Sweden, Vietnam.
Keywords [sv]
Attityd, beteende, kunskap, oral hälsa, Sverige, Vietnam.
National Category
Dentistry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-49429ISRN: JU-HHJ-OHA-1-20200075OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-49429DiVA, id: diva2:1442496
Subject / course
HHJ, Oral Health Science
Presentation
2020-05-25, 11:00 (Swedish)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2020-06-17 Created: 2020-06-17 Last updated: 2020-06-17Bibliographically approved

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