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Skolsköterskans hälsofrämjande arbete med sexuell hälsa: En enkätstudie
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
2020 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
The school nurse´s health promoting work with sexual health : A survey study (English)
Abstract [sv]

Sammanfattning

 

Bakgrund: Inom skolsköterskans arbetsfält ingår hälsofrämjande arbete med sexuell hälsa. I utbildningen till skolsköterska saknas antingen ämnet helt eller ges bristfälligt. Kunskap kring sexuell hälsa samt utformningen av det hälsofrämjande arbetet inhämtas istället via vidareutbildning som arbetsplatsen erbjuder. Tidigare studier har visat att utbildningsinterventioner inom arbetsområdet sexuell hälsa kan ge skolsköterskor ökad kompetens, liknande studier saknas i Sverige.

 

Syfte: Syftet var att beskriva om en utbildningsintervention om sexuell hälsa påverkat skolsköterskornas arbetssätt med det hälsofrämjande arbetet inom sexuell hälsa.

 

Metod: Studien var en enkätstudie bestående av slutna och öppna frågor och utgjordes av en jämförelse av svaren från två identiska enkäter som skickades ut före respektive efter en utbildningsintervention. De slutna frågorna i enkäten analyserades med hjälp av deskriptiv statistik och de öppna frågorna med hjälp av konventionell innehållsanalys.

 

Resultat: Utbildningsinterventionen bidrog dels till att skolsköterskorna fick ökad kunskap i olika områden inom sexuell hälsa samt dels en känsla av ökad trygghet i samtalet kring sexuell hälsa. Skolsköterskorna ansåg även att samverkan med andra professioner var betydelsefullt för ett framgångsrikt hälsofrämjande arbete med sexuell hälsa.

 

Slutsatser: Utbildningsinterventioner av liknande slag kan öka kompetensen och därmed öka tryggheten i arbetet kring sexuell hälsa.

 

Nyckelord: distriktsköterska, elevhälsa, kompetenshöjning, sexuell hälsa

Abstract [en]

Summary

 

The school nurse’s health promoting work with sexual health. A survey study.

 

Background: The school nurse's field of work includes health promotion work concerning sexual health. In school nurse education, either the subject is completely missing or given deficiently. Previous studies have shown that educational interventions in the area of sexual health can increase competence, similar studies are lacking in Sweden.

 

Objective: The aim was to describe how an educational intervention on sexual health effect school nurses´ work procedure in the health enhancing work in sexual health.

 

Method: The study was a questionnaire consisting of closed and open questions and consisted of a comparison of the answers from two identical questionnaires that were sent out before and after an educational intervention. The closed questions in the questionnaire were analyzed by using descriptive statistics while the open questions were analyzed using a qualitative, conventional content analysis.

 

Results: The educational intervention has helped the school nurses to gain increased knowledge in various areas of sexual health, as well as having created a sense of increased security in talking about sexual health. The school nurses also considered that a collaboration with other professions was important for successful health promoting work within sexual health.

 

Conclusions: Education interventions can increase competence and thus increase security in work on sexual health.

 

Keywords: district nurse, increase competency, school health service, sexual health

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2020. , p. 22
Keywords [en]
district nurse, increase competency, school health service, sexual health
Keywords [sv]
distriktssköterska, elevhälsa, kompetenshöjning, sexuell hälsa
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-47528ISRN: JU-HHJ-OMA-2-20200557OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-47528DiVA, id: diva2:1388518
Subject / course
HHJ, Nursing Science
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2020-01-31 Created: 2020-01-24 Last updated: 2020-01-31Bibliographically approved

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