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How pain management for children with cerebral palsy in South African schools complies with up-to-date knowledge
Centre for Augmentatve and Alternatve Communicaton, Faculty of Humanites, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa.
Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ. CHILD. Insttute of Health and Care Sciences, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
Högskolan i Jönköping, Högskolan för lärande och kommunikation, HLK, CHILD. Centre for Augmentatve and Alternatve Communicaton, Faculty of Humanites, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa.
2019 (Engelska)Ingår i: African Journal of Disability, ISSN 2226-7220, Vol. 8, artikel-id a575Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Pain in children with cerebral palsy (CP) has its sources in musculoskeletal problems that can influence learning in a school setting. Best pain management is essential for these children, but school staff may not keep up to date with the latest developments and interventions. Therefore, staff’s perceptions of beneficial strategies may not comply with contemporary scientific knowledge about effective evidence-based interventions.

Objectives: This study investigated how pain management intervention for children with CP in South African schools complied with international scientific knowledge about evidence-based interventions. The intention was to provide support for an update of knowledge on both individual level (i.e. professionals) and system level (i.e. decision makers).

Method: Five focus groups were conducted with staff members at five schools for children with special educational needs in South Africa. Manifest and latent content analyses of professional statements identified interventions reported as beneficial and related them to higher and lower levels of intervention evidence as reported at the time of data collection.

Results: Most treatment strategies concerned motor functioning that fell within the framework of physiotherapists and occupational therapists. Access to orthopaedic expertise was limited, waiting times were long and medication for spasticity treatment was not offered.

Conclusion: A discrepancy between published evidence and clinical practice for pain management in children with CP in South African school settings was noted. Suggestions for improved early intervention to identify children’s hips at risk through surveillance programmes; and orthopaedic management are proposed to prevent deformities and unnecessary suffering in South African children with CP.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
AOSIS, 2019. Vol. 8, artikel-id a575
Nyckelord [en]
evidence-based practice, intervention, clinicians, children with cerebral palsy, pain management
Nationell ämneskategori
Annan hälsovetenskap
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-46946DOI: 10.4102/ajod.v8i0.575ISI: 000505776700003Lokalt ID: GOA HLK 2019;HLKCHILDISOAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-46946DiVA, id: diva2:1374661
Tillgänglig från: 2019-12-02 Skapad: 2019-12-02 Senast uppdaterad: 2020-01-16Bibliografiskt granskad

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Nilsson, StefanAdolfsson, Margareta

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