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Written news at the crossroads: Entrepreneurial processes of reproduction and novelty in an institutional field in crisis
Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Media, Management and Transformation Centre (MMTC). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
2019 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This dissertation explores entrepreneurial processes in an institutional field incrisis. It is based on the inductive reinterpretation of four original papers that, combined, study activities of individuals searching for solutions to organizational problems in incumbent and startup newspapers. Building on an integrative framework of compatible concepts in entrepreneurship and institutional theory, and foregrounding the role of Bourdieu’s notion of capital, this thesis provides answers to how actors’ capitals mediate mechanisms of reproduction and novelty. Based on the analysis of multiple cases situated in a macro-level shift characterized by the transformation of the material environment, this work finds how—despite the aleatory and materialistic origins of written news norms and concepts, and their failing economic traction—entrepreneurial processes in all types of newspapers reproduce structural templates. In relatively affluent incumbents, reproduction happens because, in their search for solutions to losses of capital, actors interpret imported ideas within the meaning structure provided by existing norms and concepts, and day-to-day activities—“decoupled from innovation”—do not change significantly. Also, at the moment that these new activities generate short-term (albeit small) relative capital gains, as problems seem to wane, individuals unravel their search for solutions, reinforcing reproduction. In particularly deprived newcomers, the importation of innovative ideas can even be averted upfront by the organization of unrelated-to-the-venture supportive activities that generate unrelated-to-the-venture economic capital—a condition that shields these ventures from market demands and avoids exit scenarios. The “sheltered conformity” of daily activities in these organizations also results in reproduction. Yet, not all the entrepreneurial processes this thesis identifies contribute to the reproduction of existing institutional arrangements. Instances of significant difference in organizational structures can be forged in a distinct experience of constraints resulting from severe capital scarcity. A combination of absence of economic capital and moderate-to-low levels of cultural and social capital, as they are defined by the field, inhibits common solutions to problems. When actors find that freely available inputs accumulated in their personal biographies work, these inputs become “situated new forms of capital”. As they work, significantly different activities, partly decoupled from templates in the field, are incorporated in the structure of these organizations. Because it is existing ideals in the field that fuel resource-deprived entrepreneurs to sustain efforts, institutional arrangements do play a role in their own change.

By offering empirical support to the central role of the personal experience of capital constraints and situated redefinitions of capital in processes of institutional reproduction and divergence, this thesis complements interpretations of institutional contradictions: Rather than starting from the coexistence of different templates that actors can alternatively employ at intersections of structures, this study explores early endogenous processes by which new norms and concepts enter existing fields, reinterpreting resources in them. These findings provide additional insights into questions related to the origin of ideas, emergent processes of decoupling and to definitions of an institutionalized field in crisis and organizational novelty. This research also contributes to entrepreneurship within sights into how alertness and discovery transpire. When focusing on institutional templates and problem-solving activities of ordinary actors, entrepreneurial action—even in an institutional field in crisis—can contribute to the reproduction of the status quo. And when significant differences happen, because they can result from a distinct experience of resource constraints, they may appear in humble beginnings that contrast those chronicled in later stages of change by institutional entrepreneurship theory. Additionally, this thesis adds to entrepreneurial resourcefulness by unbundling the process by which bricolage produces outcomes that depart from its institutional environment. In my findings, bricoleurs do not blatantly violate norms and concepts, and yet they can bring divergent organizational novelty to their working solutions. In fact, the efforts of entrepreneurial bricoleurs are largely sustained by the predetermined meaning of inputs and institutionally conforming ideals in ways that, I suggest, bring the concept of bricolage closer to its original definition by Lévi-Strauss.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Jönköping: Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School , 2019. , p. 269
Series
JIBS Dissertation Series, ISSN 1403-0470 ; 133
Keywords [en]
bricolage, capital, constraints, decoupling, entrepreneurial processes, field in crisis, institutional arrangements, journalism, newspapers, novelty, reproduction, written news
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-46672ISBN: 978-91-86345-96-9 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-46672DiVA, id: diva2:1365348
Public defence
2019-10-08, B1014, Jönköping International Business School, Jönköping, 13:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2019-10-24 Created: 2019-10-24 Last updated: 2019-10-24Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. A perspective on path dependence processes: The role of knowledge integration in business model persistence dynamics in the provincial press in England
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A perspective on path dependence processes: The role of knowledge integration in business model persistence dynamics in the provincial press in England
2016 (English)In: Journal of Media Business Studies, ISSN 1652-2354, Vol. 13, no 1, p. 22-44Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper examines why strategy innovation is rare in the regional news industry. It integrates the knowledge-based view of a firm, path-dependence theoretical perspective and the field of business model studies to interpret the historic emergence, formation, and current lock-in of legacy regional newspapers. The historic case of the provincial press in England is analysed to consider how, in an industrial context of relative simplicity and certainty, path-dependent formation processes are led by knowledge integration mechanisms.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis Group, 2016
Keywords
Path dependence, business model innovation, regional press, knowledge integration, lock-in
National Category
Media and Communications Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-32035 (URN)10.1080/16522354.2015.1133785 (DOI)000408932800003 ()2-s2.0-84962239510 (Scopus ID)IHHMMTCIS (Local ID)IHHMMTCIS (Archive number)IHHMMTCIS (OAI)
Available from: 2016-10-24 Created: 2016-10-24 Last updated: 2019-10-24Bibliographically approved
2. Institutional limits to service dominant logic and servitisation in innovation efforts in newspapers
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Institutional limits to service dominant logic and servitisation in innovation efforts in newspapers
2017 (English)In: Journal of Media Business Studies, ISSN 1652-2354, Vol. 14, no 3, p. 188-216Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper explores the implementation of service-orientated strategies within newspapers using SDL and servitisation as theoretical departure points. This perspective helps to interpret the advancements and barriers in the current marketing innovation activities in the industry. Based on the exemplary case of the award-winning Svenska Dagbladet, we show that use is made of servitisation and SDL to the extent allowed by some strategic determinants of institutional nature. While some components of SDL have been implemented successfully others–customisation, resource development and coordination, and dialogue-based marketing communication–present managerial opportunities to increase value co-creation. But for this to happen the industry may need to consider changes in some of the institutional components of qualitative news that today act as institutional limits to innovation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2017
Keywords
communication, customisation, Newspapers, resources, service dominant logic, servitisation
National Category
Business Administration Media Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-39265 (URN)10.1080/16522354.2018.1445163 (DOI)000433956600003 ()2-s2.0-85045064782 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-04-26 Created: 2018-04-26 Last updated: 2019-10-24Bibliographically approved
3. Hybrid entrepreneurship as the pursuit of valued forms of work
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Hybrid entrepreneurship as the pursuit of valued forms of work
2019 (English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-46670 (URN)
Note

An earlier version of this manuscript has been published in Academy of Management Proceedings, 2019:1. Bibliographic record in DiVA: http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-46667

Available from: 2019-10-23 Created: 2019-10-23 Last updated: 2019-10-24Bibliographically approved
4. Organizational innovation and resource constraints: How entrepreneurial bricolage generates divergent organizational novelty
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Organizational innovation and resource constraints: How entrepreneurial bricolage generates divergent organizational novelty
2019 (English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-46671 (URN)
Note

An earlier version of this manuscript has been published in Academy of Management Proceedings, 2018:1, with the title "How resource constrained ventures in institutional contexts create divergent organizational novelty". Bibliographic record in DiVA: http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-46669

Available from: 2019-10-23 Created: 2019-10-23 Last updated: 2019-10-24Bibliographically approved

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