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Investigating the effect of Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing on pain intensity in patients with primary dysmenorrhea: a protocol for a randomized controlled trial
Research Committee, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran.
Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran.
School of Nursing and Midwifery, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran.
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8798-5345
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2019 (English)In: Trials, ISSN 1745-6215, E-ISSN 1745-6215, Vol. 20, no 1, article id 404Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: Unpleasant experience with the previous menstruation can increase the sensitivity to pain which may lead to moderate to severe pain in patients with dysmenorrhea. Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) is a psychological method to alleviate the distress from unpleasant memories and related events and can be used for other conditions such as anxiety, depression, and chronic pain. This protocol was designed to investigate the effect of EMDR therapy on pain intensity in patients with dysmenorrhea.

METHODS/DESIGN: A randomized clinical trial was designed in compliance with the Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials (CONSORT). Female students who have moderate to severe primary dysmenorrhea (based on a visual analogue scale [VAS] score of at least 4 for two consecutive months) and who live in dormitories at Qazvin University of Medical Sciences in Qazvin, Iran will be invited to participate in the study. The total sample size will be 88 girls, who will be randomly assigned to intervention (N = 44) and control (N = 44) groups. EMDR therapy will be performed for the intervention group, while the control group can use sedative or other pain relife methods as their routin... There will be six treatment sessions, which will be held twice a week. The duration of each session is 30-90 min, according to the convenience of each participant. The data will be collected using the demographic characteristics questionnaire, the VAS, the Subjective Units of Anxiety or Distress Scale (SUD), and the Validity of Cognition Scale (VOC). The data on pain intensity due to primary dysmenorrhea in both groups will be collected at 1 and 2 months before the intervention (to identify eligible participants) and 1 and 2 months after the intervention (follow-ups). Data will be analyzed by using SPSS version 25 software and analysis of variance (ANOVA) with repeated measures with appropriate post hoc tests. A P value of less than 0.05 will be considered significant.

DISCUSSION: The results are expected to provide the information on the efficacy of EMDR therapy to manage moderate to severe pain in patients with primary dysmenorrhea.

ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: The research proposal is approved by the human ethics committee of Qazvin University of Medical Sciences (IR.QUMS.REC.1397.100). The results of this trial will be submitted for publication in a peer-reviewed research journal.

TRIAL REGISTRATION: IRCT20180823040851N1 . Registered on 6, October 2018.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
BioMed Central, 2019. Vol. 20, no 1, article id 404
Keywords [en]
EMDR therapy, Pain management, Primary dysmenorrhea
National Category
Applied Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-46282DOI: 10.1186/s13063-019-3507-0ISI: 000475629200001PubMedID: 31286999Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85068897646Local ID: GOA HHJ 2019;HHJÖvrigtISOAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-46282DiVA, id: diva2:1353097
Available from: 2019-09-20 Created: 2019-09-20 Last updated: 2019-09-20Bibliographically approved

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Pakpour, Amir H.

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