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Non-nursing tasks as experienced by nursing students: Findings from a phenomenological interpretative study
University of Udine, department of Medical Science, Italy.
University of Udine, department of Medical Science, Italy.
Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8203-4655
University of Padua, Corso di Laurea i Infermieristica, Italy.
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2019 (English)In: Nurse Education Today, ISSN 0260-6917, E-ISSN 1532-2793, Vol. 76, p. 234-241Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: During their clinical learning experience, students are exposed to the nursing profession as a powerful structural reality, experiencing the so-called professional socialisation, a process recognised as the basis of professional identity. Inside this process, students progressively acknowledge their professional identity as being composed of several competencies and, among these, also non-nursing tasks.

OBJECTIVES: To explore non-nursing tasks in the context of nursing students' clinical learning experiences.

DESIGN: An interpretative phenomenological study design was performed and carried out in 2016. The COnsolidated criteria for REporting Qualitative (COREQ) research principles were used in reporting study methods and findings.

SETTING: Two Italian Bachelor of Nursing degree programmes located in Northern Italy.

PARTICIPANTS: Students attending their nursing programmes who a) had successfully passed one or more theoretical examinations; b) had one or more clinical learning experiences in varied contexts (e.g. hospital, community); c) were attending the 1st, 2nd or 3rd year, and d) were willing to participate, were interviewed with an open-ended, face-to-face, audio-recorded interview.

METHODS: A thematic analysis was performed.

RESULTS: Participating students (n = 18) were between 20 and 25 years old and were attending the 1st to the 3rd (and final) academic year. Non-nursing tasks were experienced by them according to three main themes: a) "Being out of the scope of the learning experience," b) "Being forced by external and internal forces," and c) "Dealing with mixed outcomes by looking for a compromise." All students have reported learning to perform non-nursing tasks by shadowing clinical nurses and also practising these tasks by themselves. Internal and external forces prompted students to perform non-nursing tasks, which were recognised as having positive, negative, and neutral effects on themselves and on their learning outcomes.

CONCLUSIONS: Non-nursing tasks are acquired since the beginning of the clinical experience, thus shaping the nursing students' professional identity. At the undergraduate nursing level, strategies should be implemented to prevent the phenomena that a) threaten the acquisition of more complex nursing competences expected by patients and society, and b) shape future generations to be flexible and to perform different tasks, included those below their role.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2019. Vol. 76, p. 234-241
Keywords [en]
Education, Interpretative phenomenology, Non-nursing tasks, Nursing education, Nursing students
National Category
Learning Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-43364DOI: 10.1016/j.nedt.2019.02.005ISI: 000464479800034PubMedID: 30849668Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85062273495Local ID: ;IHHCeFEOISOAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-43364DiVA, id: diva2:1297963
Available from: 2019-03-21 Created: 2019-03-21 Last updated: 2019-05-08Bibliographically approved

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