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Understanding Cryptocurrencies from a Sustainable Perspective: Investigating cryptocurrencies by developing and applying an integrated sustainability framework
Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Informatics.
2018 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

With the invention of the cryptocurrency Bitcoin in 2009, the world's first blockchain application was developed. While academic research gradually begins to investigate cryptocurrencies more closely and attempt to understand their functioning, technology is rapidly evolving and ecosystems grow exponentially. The research is still scattered and chaotic and has not produced common guidelines. Therefore, the question remains: how sustainable cryptocurrencies and their digital ecosystems are.Only a few models and frameworks take a holistic view on digital sustainability. Only two frameworks were identified that take distributed ledger technologies (blockchain) or cryptocurrencies into consideration: the three governance strategies for digital sustainability of Linkov et al. (2018) and 10 basic conditions of sustainable digital artifacts according to Stuermer, Abu-Tayeh and Myrach (2016). These two frameworks were combined into a new integrated sustainability framework for cryptocurrencies. The developed integrated sustainability framework consists of four dimensions and 12 categories.Existing secondary data, self-conducted social media interviews and practical insights gained through an ASIC mining experiment were used to fill the framework with sufficient data. It confirms Bitcoin's sustainability problems in energy consumption and scalability, highlights Ethereum's great potential as a blockchain platform and explains the higher scalability and faster payment of Ripple and IOTA.While 2017 marked the temporary peak of the cryptocurrency hype, 2018 was a transformative year in which the leading cryptocurrencies were increasingly occupying more specialised niches.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 140
Keywords [en]
Distributed Ledger, Blockchain, Cryptocurrency, Sustainability, Digitisation, Triple Bottom Line, Digital Artifact, Digital Sustainability, Integrated Sustainability Framework, Bitcoin, Ethereum, Ripple, IOTA
National Category
Information Systems
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-42894ISRN: JU-IHH-IKA-2-20190089OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-42894DiVA, id: diva2:1286407
Subject / course
JIBS, Informatics
Presentation
2018-12-11, B5062, Gjuterigatan 5, Jönköping, 16:46 (English)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-02-06 Created: 2019-02-06 Last updated: 2019-02-06Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
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More styles
Language
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  • en-GB
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  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
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