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Simulation as a means to develop firefighters as emergency care professionals
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1641-6321
Swedish Armed Forces Centre for Defence Medicine, Gothenburg, Sweden.
2019 (English)In: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics, ISSN 1080-3548, E-ISSN 2376-9130, Vol. 25, no 4, p. 650-657Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the simulated emergency care performed by firefighters and their perception of simulation as an educational method.

METHODS: This study had a mixed method with both a quantitative and a qualitative approach. Data were collected by simulation assessment, a questionnaire, and written comments. Descriptive analysis was conducted on the quantitative data whereas a qualitative content analysis was conducted on the qualitative data. Finally, a contingent analysis was used where a synthesis configured both the quantitative and the qualitative results into a narrative result.

RESULTS: The cognitive workload that firefighters face during simulated emergency care is crucial for learning. In this study, the severity and complexity of the scenarios provided were higher than expected by the firefighters. Clearly stated conditions for the simulation and constructive feedback were considered positive for learning. Patient actors induced realism in the scenario, increasing the experience of stress, in comparison to a manikin.

CONCLUSION: To simulate in a realistic on-scene environment increases firefighters' cognitive ability to critically analyze problems and manage emergency care. Simulation of emergency care developed the firefighters as professionals.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2019. Vol. 25, no 4, p. 650-657
Keywords [en]
cognitive load, contingent analysis synthesis, emergency care, firefighter, simulation
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-42856DOI: 10.1080/10803548.2018.1541122ISI: 000477961300019PubMedID: 30362390Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85060030635Local ID: HOA HHJ 2019OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-42856DiVA, id: diva2:1285557
Available from: 2019-02-04 Created: 2019-02-04 Last updated: 2019-08-14Bibliographically approved

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Abelsson, Anna

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf