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Patientens upplevelse av delaktighet: En litteraturöversikt
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Patient´s experience of participation (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Enligt Patientlagen skall patienten ses som en resurs i sin egen vård och förväntas vara delaktig i beslut och resonemang. Patienten har rätt till självbestämmande och får själv avgöra vilken grad av delaktighet som önskas. Ökad kunskap om vad som påverkar viljan till delaktighet krävs, för att kunna främja ett bemötande från vårdpersonalen som gynnar patienten och ger en bättre vårdupplevelse.

Syfte: Syftet var att beskriva vilka faktorer som påverkar patientens delaktighet. 

Metod: En litteraturöversikt baserad på 12 vetenskapliga artiklar med kvalitativ ansats utförs och analyseras med ett induktivt synsätt utifrån Fribergs femstegsmodell. Dessa 12 artiklar är hämtade från CINAHL, PsycINFO samt manuella sökningar.

Resultat: Litteraturöversiktens resultat presenteras i två kategorier och fem underkategorier. Den första kategorin är Patienten med underkategorierna Delaktighet på eget initiativ, Patientens ålder och Anhörigstöd. Den andra kategorin är Vårdpersonal med underkategorierna Bemötande från vårdpersonal och Tid för patienten.

Slutsats: Delaktighet leder till bättre vårdupplevelse. Eget initiativ, stöd och bekräftande bemötande är faktorer som påverkar patientens delaktighet. 

Abstract [en]

Background: According to the Swedish patient law, the patient is to be regarded as a resource in his or her own care and is expected to be participating in reasoning and decisions. The patient is entitled to self-determination and have the right to decide the level of participation that he or she wishes. Increased knowledge of what affects the willingness to participate is required to promote a response from healthcare professionals who will benefit the patient and provide a better healthcare experience.

Purpose: The purpose was to describe which factors that affect the patient's participation.

Method: A literature review based on 12 scientific articles with a qualitative approach was made and analyzed with an inductive approach based on Friberg's five-step model. These 12 articles are taken from CINAHL, PsycINFO and manual searches.

Result: The result is presented in two categories and five subcategories. The first category is the Patient with the subcategories Self-Initiative, Confidence in Health Care, Patient Age and Family Support. The other category is Healthcare Personnel with the subcategories Treatment from healthcare professionals and Investing time for the patient.

Conclusion: Participation leads to better care experience. Own initiatives, support and affirmative treatment are factors that affect the patient's participation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 22
Keywords [en]
Care Experience, Participation, Patient Perspective, Person -Centered Care, Interaction
Keywords [sv]
Bemötande, Delaktighet, Patientperspektiv, Personcentrerad omvårdnad, Vårdupplevelse.
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-42647ISRN: JU-HHJ-OMA-1-20190390OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-42647DiVA, id: diva2:1279113
Subject / course
HHJ, Nursing Science
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-01-18 Created: 2019-01-15 Last updated: 2019-01-18Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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