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Migration and ageing in expanding and shrinking European Regions
Royal Institute of Technology (KTH), Stockholm, Sweden.
Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Entrepreneurship and Spatial Economics (CEnSE).ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5664-3115
Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Entrepreneurship and Spatial Economics (CEnSE). Royal Institute of Technology (KTH), Stockholm, Sweden.
2018 (English)In: Modelling aging and migration effects on spatial labor markets / [ed] R. R. Stough, K. Kourtit, P. Nijkamp, & U. Blien, Cham: Springer, 2018, p. 107-131Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Europe is in a phase of vast transition regarded both from a demographic and economic-structural point of view. Studies have shown that demographic development differs a lot when comparing urban regions with more sparsely populated peripheral regions. These diverging patterns are shown to be especially strong in the northern and eastern parts of Europe where a redistribution of people contributes to a concentration process to the metropolitan or big city areas as well as to shrinkage and depopulating of rural and peripheral areas. This paper empirically addresses these differing demographic development paths by analyzing the influence of key underlying demographic factors on population change across European regions. For the stated purpose the paper applies typologies based on both economic and demographic structure and a cross-regional regression model. The economic-structural typology developed within the ESPON/EDORA-project is used to describe and analyze economic-structural factors and a typology based on demographic characteristics that classify regions as either shrinking or expanding in terms of population is used in the empirical assessment. Findings indicate that age structure is of importance with regard to population changes and there exists an east-west divide between the growing west and declining east where the declining sectors are more frequent. It is also shown that large and densely populated regions have better preconditions for growth and fewer risks for shrinking than small and sparsely populated ones. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cham: Springer, 2018. p. 107-131
Series
Advances in Spatial Science, ISSN 1430-9602, E-ISSN 2197-9375
Keywords [en]
Ageing, Density and size-effects, East-west divide, Economic-structural factors, Human capital, Migration, Shrinkage, Typologies
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-42437DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-68563-2_7Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85059031922ISBN: 978-3-319-68562-5 (print)ISBN: 978-3-319-68563-2 (electronic)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-42437DiVA, id: diva2:1275605
Available from: 2019-01-07 Created: 2019-01-07 Last updated: 2019-01-07Bibliographically approved

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Nilsson, PiaWestlund, Hans

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