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Participation profiles and the barriers and facilitators that impact on participation of children with Autism Spectrum Disorders living in regional and remote Western Australia
Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.
Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7275-3472
Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.
Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.
2018 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, E-ISSN 2245-8875, Vol. 6, no 4Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background:

Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a heterogeneous condition, influencing participation in activity and occupation. Approximately, 1% of Australian children have an ASD diagnosis, with many of these families living in remote and regional areas. Given the environments role in facilitating or hindering participation, there is a need to understand how geographical location impacts the participation profiles of children with ASD. Objective: This study aims to describe the participation profiles, and environmental barriers and facilitators to participation for children with ASD living in regional or remote Western Australia.

Methods:

A total of 32 families completed a questionnaire pack including a socio-demographic questionnaire and the Participation and Environment Measure – Children and Youth.

Results:

Children with ASD had reduced participation in community activities. Within the home, children most commonly participated in computer and video games, and in school settings, children participated rarely in non-classroom and extracurricular activities. Parents reported a desire for their children to decrease time spent engaging in video games and increase time spent in the community, socializing, engaging in extracurricular activities, and completing chores. Parents reported a number of barriers to participation across community, home, and school settings.

Conclusion:

Children with ASD living in regional areas had restricted participation profiles and a number of barriers to participation as reported by their parents. There is a need for additional support and services in non- metropolitan areas for families of children with ASD to increase participation. This study also highlights the need to expand the definition of participation in the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health to include aspects of involvement.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Exeley Inc. , 2018. Vol. 6, no 4
Keywords [en]
Australia, child, rural, occupational participation
National Category
Occupational Therapy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-42369DOI: 10.21307/sjcapp-2018-018Local ID: HLKCHILDISOAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-42369DiVA, id: diva2:1272931
Available from: 2018-12-20 Created: 2018-12-20 Last updated: 2019-01-09Bibliographically approved

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Falkmer, Marita

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