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Talent, Technology and Regional Wage Levels in Sweden
Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Nationalekonomi.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-4560-1905
(Engelska)Manuskript (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

While there is consensus on the importance of human capital to economicdevelopment, debate takes shape around two central issues. First, how is humancapital best measured? Second, there is debate over the factors that yield thegeographic distribution of human capital in the first place. With regard to the firstquestion, this work reveals that occupational or “creative class” measures tend tooutperform educational measures in accounting for regional wages per capita acrossour sample of Swedish regions. In view of the second question, universities, servicediversity, and tolerance affect the distribution of human capital, though in differentways and thus play complimentary roles in the geographic distribution of talent.

Nyckelord [en]
Creative occupations, Human Capital, Technology, Wage Levels
Nationell ämneskategori
Nationalekonomi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-6868OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-6868DiVA, id: diva2:127250
Tillgänglig från: 2008-12-03 Skapad: 2008-12-03 Senast uppdaterad: 2015-11-10Bibliografiskt granskad
Ingår i avhandling
1. The Wealth of Urban Regions: On the Location of Creative Individuals and Firms
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>The Wealth of Urban Regions: On the Location of Creative Individuals and Firms
2008 (Engelska)Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

This doctoral thesis consists of four individual chapters and an introduction to the thesis. The common feature of the four separate chapters is their focus on the location patterns of creative individuals and firms, the inter-relation between those actors and the regional development and how those actors in the end shape the wealth of urban regions.

The first chapter deals with what happens after a new technology is introduced with a focus on the geographical location and distribution.  The assumption is that new, non-standardized techniques frequently are initiated and promoted in large urban regions. In order to leave space for new activities, standardized and maturing techniques must gradually be moved to medium and small sized regions.

The second chapter analyzes the occupational distribution within Swedish industries, on the basis of characteristics of the individuals they employ. This chapter focuses especially on how to best identify so-called creative industries. It also examines the location patterns of the different types of industries.

The third chapter focuses on the role of different types of talent, as well as on factors that shape the distribution of talent across regions. A main theme is the role of universities, tolerance and service diversity. The chapter also examines the economic effect from those factors in combination with talent and technology.

The last essay investigates the relationship between tolerance and openness on one hand, and regional housing values on the other. It argues that artists, bohemians and gays affect housing values through two kinds of mechanisms: an aesthetic-amenity premium and a tolerance or open culture premium.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Jönköping: Jönköping International Business School, 2008. s. 184
Serie
JIBS Dissertation Series, ISSN 1403-0470 ; 53
Nationell ämneskategori
Nationalekonomi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-6690 (URN)91-89164-92-X (ISBN)
Disputation
2008-11-14, B1014, Sparbanksaulan, JIBS, Jönköping, 10:00 (Engelska)
Opponent
Handledare
Tillgänglig från: 2008-12-04 Skapad: 2008-11-05 Senast uppdaterad: 2015-11-10Bibliografiskt granskad

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Mellander, Charlotta

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