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Investigating the driving performance of drivers with and without autism spectrum disorders under complex driving conditions
School of Occupational Therapy and Social Work, Curtin Health Innovation Research Institute (CHIRI), Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia , Australia.
School of Occupational Therapy and Social Work, Curtin Health Innovation Research Institute (CHIRI), Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia , Australia.
Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.
Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ, Avd. för rehabilitering. Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ. CHILD. Curtin University, Australia, Linköping University, Sweden.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-0756-6862
2019 (Engelska)Ingår i: Disability and Rehabilitation, ISSN 0963-8288, E-ISSN 1464-5165, Vol. 41, nr 1, s. 1-8Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose: The aim of this study was to investigate the driving performance of drivers with autism spectrum disorders under complex driving conditions.

Method: Seventeen drivers with autism spectrum disorders and 18 typically developed drivers participated in a driving simulator trial. Prior to the assessment, participants completed the Driving Behaviour Questionnaire and measurements of cognitive and visual-motor ability. The driving simulation involved driving in an urban area with dense traffic and unpredictable events.

Results: In comparison with the typically developed group, drivers with autism spectrum disorders reported significantly more lapses in driving, committed more mistakes on the driving simulator, and were slower to react in challenging situations, such as driving through intersections with abrupt changes in traffic lights. However, they were also less likely to tailgate other vehicles, as measured by time-to-collision between vehicles, on the driving simulator.

Conclusions: The performances of licensed drivers with autism spectrum disorders appeared to be safer in respect to car-following distance but were poorer in their response to challenging traffic situations. Driver education for individuals with autism spectrum disorders should focus on quick identification of hazards, prompt execution of responses, and effective allocation of attention to reduce lapses in driving. 

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Taylor & Francis, 2019. Vol. 41, nr 1, s. 1-8
Nyckelord [en]
Asperger’s syndrome, critical response, driving simulation, hazard perception, highfunctioning autism, transportation
Nationell ämneskategori
Tillämpad psykologi Farkostteknik
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-37580DOI: 10.1080/09638288.2017.1370498ISI: 000458237700001PubMedID: 28845700Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85028521686Lokalt ID: ;HHJCHILDISOAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-37580DiVA, id: diva2:1147616
Tillgänglig från: 2017-10-06 Skapad: 2017-10-06 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-08-13Bibliografiskt granskad

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