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The impact of lifestyle interventions on older persons' health, wellbeing and occupational adaptation
Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ, Avd. för rehabilitering.ORCID-id: 0000-0003-0192-9447
Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ, Avd. för rehabilitering. Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ. ADULT.ORCID-id: 0000-0003-3594-4805
2016 (Engelska)Konferensbidrag, Muntlig presentation med publicerat abstract (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

Background: The demographic development, with the older population growing fast, is becoming a huge challenge for society, with great demands on health and social care and concerning the individual’s well-being. The aim of this study was to investigate whether a four-month occupational based health-promoting programme for older persons living in community dwellings could maintain/improve their general health and well- being. Further the aim was to explore whether the programme facilitated the older persons’ occupational adaptation.

Method: The study had a quasi- experimental design combined with semi-structured interviews. The intervention group comprised 22 participants, and the control group 18. Outcomes were measured using the Short Form 36, Life Satisfaction Index-Z and Meaningful Activity Participation Assessment. Content analysis, based on concepts from the Model of Occupational Adaptation, was used to analyse the interviews.

Results: The intervention group showed statistically significant improvements in general health variables such as vitality and mental health, and positive trends for psychological well-being. There were no statistically significant differences between the intervention group and the control group. The qualitative analysis based on Occupational Adaptation pointed out social aspects as a compliment to the overall results.

Conclusion: Participating in meaningful, challenging activities in different environments stimulates the occupational adaptation process.

Application to Practice: Occupational therapists can use this result to empower older persons to find their optimal occupational lives.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
2016.
Nationell ämneskategori
Arbetsterapi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-31232OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-31232DiVA, id: diva2:952110
Konferens
COTEC-ENOTHE Congress, Galway, Ireland, June 15-19, 2016
Tillgänglig från: 2016-08-11 Skapad: 2016-08-11 Senast uppdaterad: 2016-08-11Bibliografiskt granskad

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Johansson, AnnBjörklund, Anita

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