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Prevalence of depressive symptoms and suicidal thoughts among elderly persons in rural Bangladesh
Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ, Institutet för gerontologi. Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ. Åldrande - livsvillkor och hälsa. Aging research center, NVS, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden; School of medicine, the University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-8212-823X
Department of Psychology, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ, Institutet för gerontologi. Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ. Åldrande - livsvillkor och hälsa. Stockholm Brain Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.
International Centre for Diarrheal Disease Research, Bangladesh (icddr,b), Dhaka, Bangladesh.
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2015 (Engelska)Ingår i: International psychogeriatrics, ISSN 1041-6102, E-ISSN 1741-203X, Vol. 27, nr 12, s. 1999-2008Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Depression, if broadly defined, is the commonest late-life mental disorder. We examined the distribution of depressive symptoms and suicidal thoughts, across age, sex, literacy, and marital status, among elderly individuals residing in rural Bangladesh and participating in a population-based study on health and aging.

Methods: Prevalence figures of depressive symptoms were assessed with SRQ20 (n = 625), and possible social network and economic associations were examined. Morbidity accounts of depressive symptoms and suicidal thoughts were examined for a subsample that also underwent complete medical examination (n = 471).

Results: We selected for analyses the items that corresponded to DSM-IV criteria and constructed a dichotomous variable. The prevalence was 45%, and most pronounced among the oldest women (70%). The overall prevalence of suicidal thoughts was 23%. Being a woman, illiterate or single were all risk factors for depressive symptoms and suicidal thoughts. These associations remained unaccounted for by the social network and economic variables. Co-residing with a child and having a high quality of contact were protectiveof both depressive symptoms and suicidal thoughts. The main findings were replicated in the subsample, where it was found that morbidities were also associated with the outcomes, independently of the four main predictors.

Conclusions: Prevalence figures for depressive symptoms among elderly in rural Bangladesh are high.  Demographic, social network, and morbidity factors are independently associated with both depressive symptoms and suicidal thoughts. This is the first study to report prevalence figures for depressive symptoms in this population.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
2015. Vol. 27, nr 12, s. 1999-2008
Nyckelord [en]
depressive symptoms, SRQ20, old age, Bangladesh, population study, suicidal thoughts
Nationell ämneskategori
Gerontologi, medicinsk/hälsovetenskaplig inriktning
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-28650DOI: 10.1017/S104161021500109XISI: 000364938400010PubMedID: 26250141Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84938854208Lokalt ID: HHJÅldrandeISOAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-28650DiVA, id: diva2:882801
Tillgänglig från: 2015-12-15 Skapad: 2015-12-15 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-01-10Bibliografiskt granskad

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Wahlin, ÅkeSternäng, Ola

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