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Formal support, mental disorders and personal characteristics: a 25-year follow-up study of a total cohort of older people
Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ, Institutet för gerontologi. Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ. Åldrande - livsvillkor och hälsa.
2003 (Engelska)Ingår i: Health & Social Care in the Community, ISSN 0966-0410, E-ISSN 1365-2524, Vol. 11, nr 2, s. 95-102Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

The present study was designed to describe the pattern of long-term formal support received by people with mental disorders, and to investigate the relationship between the medical, psychological and social characteristics of the participants and types of formal support. This study is based on a cohort (n = 192) of people born in 1902 and 1903 in a community in Southern Sweden. The research participants were assessed using interviews, psychological tests and medical examinations. Information was collected about the use of primary healthcare and social services. The first assessment took place when the cohort was aged 67 years, and then on eight further occasions until they were 92. The participation rate ranged from 72% to 100%. During the observation period of 25 years, 53% of people with dementia eventually received both home help and institutional care compared to 34% of people with other psychiatric diagnoses and 12% of people with good mental health. The last group had all physical health problems and/or problems with activities of daily living. However, 35% of the dementia group, 46% with other psychiatric diagnoses and 52% of people with good mental health did not receive any formal support. Males and self-employed people were significantly less likely to use formal support. The institutionalised group reported loneliness significantly more often than the other two groups. In a logistic regression analysis, loneliness, low social class, high blood pressure and low problem-solving ability were predictors of formal support use. People with a mental disorder, including dementia, were significantly more likely to use formal support compared to people with good mental health. Social factors were the main factors predicting formal support.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
2003. Vol. 11, nr 2, s. 95-102
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-2374OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-2374DiVA, id: diva2:33194
Tillgänglig från: 2007-10-30 Skapad: 2007-10-30 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-12-12Bibliografiskt granskad

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http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/doi/abs/10.1046/j.1365-2524.2003.00416.x

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Sundström, Gerdt

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