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Effects of learning addition and subtraction in preschool by making the first ten numbers and their relations visible with finger patterns
Department of Pedagogical, Curricular and Professional Studies, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
Department of Education, Communication and Learning, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
Department of Pedagogical, Curricular and Professional Studies, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
Högskolan i Jönköping, Högskolan för lärande och kommunikation, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Matematikdidaktisk forskning. Wits School of Education, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa.ORCID-id: 0000-0001-7556-7974
2019 (Engelska)Ingår i: Educational Studies in Mathematics, ISSN 0013-1954, E-ISSN 1573-0816Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

In this paper, we report how 5-year-olds’ arithmetic skills developed through participation in an 8-month-long intervention. The intervention program aimed to enhance the children’s ways of experiencing numbers’ part-part-whole relations as a basis for arithmetic skills and was built on principles from the variation theory of learning. The report is based on an analysis of assessments with 103 children (intervention group n = 65 and control group n = 38) before and after the intervention and a follow-up assessment 1 year after the intervention. Our findings show that the learning outcomes of the intervention group were significantly higher compared to those of the control group after the intervention and that differences between the groups remained even 1 year after the intervention. In particular, the results show that children participating in the intervention group learned to recognize and use part-part-whole relations in novel arithmetic tasks.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Springer, 2019.
Nyckelord [en]
Preschool, Addition, Subtraction, Part-part-whole, Variation theory, Intervention, Arithmetic
Nationell ämneskategori
Didaktik Matematik
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-47075DOI: 10.1007/s10649-019-09927-1Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85076597141OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-47075DiVA, id: diva2:1377928
Forskningsfinansiär
Vetenskapsrådet, 721-2014-1791
Anmärkning

An earlier draft of the paper was presented at the International Group for the Psychology of Mathematics Education Conference 2018 in Umeå, Sweden.

Tillgänglig från: 2019-12-13 Skapad: 2019-12-13 Senast uppdaterad: 2020-01-02

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Runesson Kempe, Ulla

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